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A Covenant With Death

Posted: 9 Iulie 2011 in Mituri si legende, OZN, Uncategorized
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A Covenant With Death

by Bill Cooper

( Commentary from research Barbara Ann– File No. 005 )

„Sometime ago I had the opportunity to meet William Cooper and his wife Annie. It was part of my job to verify whether this man did indeed speak the truth or was just another person seeking fame and fortune. What I found was a rugged, bulldog, driven individual who was kind, thoughtful and tenderhearted. He was truly concerned about you and your welfare.”Bill knew that people were badly informed by a society which spoon- feeds you deception until there is no distinction between fiction and reality. He sees what many other(s) see happening, and he is not afraid to do something about it.
„There are many who do not want you to know what Bill has to say. They have tried many times to stop him from saying it. The scars on his face and the loss of his leg are his bandages of sincerity on your behalf.
„No one becomes popular by telling people the truth. History records what happened to the true prophets of the past. However, some have listened to their warnings and were not caught off-guard. Others have put their heads in the sand and refused to listen.
„Bill has it together, and has put it together for you so you can also be one of the informed of the world. A well informed person can make the right decision. William Cooper has my vote of approval because I cared enough to find out who the man is. Now is your opportunity.”
Here, then, is William Cooper’s story …………..

A Covenant With Deathby Bill Cooper

„…There have been many related sequential coincidences all throughout my life, incidents that by themselves would have led nowhere. Statistically, the odds against the same or a related sequence of events happening to one individual are astronomically high. It is a series of incidents that have convinced me that God has had a hand in my life. I do not believe in fate. I do not believe in accidents…”We have been taught lies. Reality is not at all what we perceive it to be. We cannot survive any longer by hanging onto the falsehoods of the past. Reality must be discerned at all costs if we are to be a part of the future. Truth must prevail in all instances, no matter who it hurts or helps, if we are to continue to live upon this earth. At this point, what we want may no longer matter. It is what we must do to ensure our survival that counts. The old way is in the certain process of destruction and a New World Order is beating down the door…
„I fear for the little ones, the innocents, who are already paying for our mistakes. There exists a great army of occupationally orphaned children. They are attending government- controlled day-care centers. And latch-key kids are running wild in the streets. And the lop-sided, emotionally wounded children of single welfare mothers, born only for the sake of more money on the monthly check. Open your eyes and look at them, for they are the future. In them I see the sure and certain destruction of this once-proud nation. In their vacant eyes I see the death of Freedom. They carry with them a great emptiness–and someone will surely pay a great price for their suffering.
„If we do not act in concert with each other and ensure that the future becomes what we need it to be, then we will surely deserve whatever fate awaits us.
„I believe with all my heart that God put me in places and in positions throughout my life so that I would be able to deliver this warning to His people. I pray that I have been worthy and that I have done my job.
„THIS IS MY CREED – I first believe in God, the same God in which my ancestors believed. I believe in Jesus Christ and that he is my savior. Second, I believe in the Constitution of the Republic of the United States of America, without interpretation, as it was written and meant to work. I have given my sacred oath ‘to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States of America against all enemies foreign and domestic. ‘ I intend to fulfill that oath. Third, I believe in the family unit and, in particular, my family unit. I have sworn that I will give my life, if it is required, in defense of God, the Constitution, or my family. Fourth, I believe that any man without principles that he is ready and willing to die for at any given moment is already dead and of no use or consequence whatsoever. – William Cooper., August 3, 1990., Camp Verde, Arizona.”

The following document was released by William Cooper to members of various UFO RESEARCH and PATRIOT RESEARCH organizations. The manuscript, which ties together certain aspects of the „Secret Government” and the „UFO Phenomena”, was titled: THE SECRET GOVERNMENT (The Origin, Identity, and Purpose of MJ-12. May 23, 1989. Updated November 21, 1990):
„…I originally wrote this piece as a research paper. It was first delivered at the MUFON Symposium on July 2, 1989, in Las Vegas, Nevada. Most of this knowledge comes directly from, or as a result of my own research into the TOP SECRET/MAJIC material WHICH I SAW AND READ between the years 1970 and 1973 as a member of the Intelligence Briefing Team of the Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet. Since some of this information was derived from sources that I cannot divulge for obvious reasons, and from published sources which I cannot vouch for…(this) must be termed a hypothesis. I firmly believe that if the aliens are real, THIS IS THE TRUE NATURE OF THE BEAST. It is the only scenario THAT ANSWERS ALL THE QUESTIONS and places the various fundamental mysteries in an arena that makes sense. It is the only explanation which shows the chronology of events and demonstrates that the chronologies, when assembled, match perfectly. The bulk of this I believe to be true if the material that I viewed in the Navy is authentic. As for the rest, I do not know, and that is why this paper must be termed a hypothesis. Most historic and current available evidence supports this hypothesis.
„During the years following World War II the government of the United States was confronted with a series of events which were to change beyond prediction its future and with it the future of humanity. These events were so incredible that they defied belief. A stunned President Truman and his top military commanders found themselves virtually impotent after having just won the most devastating and costly war in history.
„The United States had developed, used, and was the only nation on earth in possession of the atomic bomb. This new weapon had the potential to destroy an enemy, and even the Earth itself. At that time the United States had the best economy, the most advanced technology, the highest standard of living, exerted the most influence, and fielded the largest and most powerful military forces in history. We can only imagine the confusion and concern when the informed elite of the United States Government discovered that an alien spacecraft piloted by ‘insectlike’ beings from a totally incomprehensible culture had crashed in the desert of New Mexico (Note: Some have alleged that certain ‘sauroids’ appear ‘insect-like’. Other indications suggest that they may be ‘para-physical’ entities of some sort, perhaps those allegedly released, according to Kenneth Grant and others, by the Illuminati from another ‘dimension’ via holes torn in the space-time fabric by the early atomic tests in the Nevada underground, New Mexico, and elsewhere – Branton).

„Between January 1947 and December 1952 at least 16 crashed or downed alien craft, 65 bodies, and 1 live alien were recovered. An additional alien craft had exploded and nothing was recovered from that incident. Of these events, 13 occurred within the borders of the United States, not including the craft which disintegrated in the air. Of these 13, 1 was in Arizona, 11 were in New Mexico, and 1 was in Nevada. Sightings of UFOs were so numerous that serious investigation and debunking of each report became impossible, utilizing the existing intelligence assets.
„An alien craft was found on February 13, 1948, on a mesa near Aztec, New Mexico. Another craft was located on March 25, 1948, in White Sands Proving Ground. It was 100 feet in diameter. A total of 17 alien bodies were recovered from those two crafts. Of even greater significance was the discovery of a large number of human body parts stored within both of these vehicles. A demon had reared its head and paranoia quickly took hold of everyone ‘in the know.’ The Secret lid immediately became a Top Secret lid and was screwed down tight. THE SECURITY BLANKET WAS EVEN TIGHTER THAN THAT IMPOSED UPON THE MANHATTAN PROJECT. In the coming years these events were to become the most closely guarded secrets in the history of the world.
„A special group of America’s top scientists were organized under the name Project SIGN in December 1947 to study the phenomena. The whole nasty business was contained. Project SIGN evolved into Project GRUDGE in December 1948. A low-level collection and disinformation project named BLUE BOOK was formed under GRUDGE. Sixteen volumes were to come out of GRUDGE. „Blue Teams” were put together to recover the crashed disks or live aliens. The Blue Teams were later to evolve into Alpha Teams under Project POUNCE.
„DURING THESE EARLY YEARS THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AND THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY EXERCISED COMPLETE CONTROL OVER THE ‘ALIEN SECRET.’ In fact, the CIA was formed by Presidential Executive Order first as the Central Intelligence Group for the express purpose of dealing with the alien presence. Later the National Security Act was passed, establishing it as the Central Intelligence Agency.
„The National Security Council was established to oversee the intelligence community and especially the alien endeavor. A series of National Security Council memos and Executive orders removed the CIA from the sole task of gathering foreign intelligence and slowly but thoroughly ‘legalized’ direct action in the form of covert activities at home and abroad.

„On December 9, 1947, Truman approved issuance of NSC-4, entitled ‘Coordination of Foreign Intelligence Information Measures’ at the urging of the Secretaries Marshall, Forrestal, Patterson, and the director of the State Department’s Policy Planning Staff, George Kennan.
„The FOREIGN AND MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, BOOK 1, ‘Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities,’ United States Senate, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, Report No. 94-755, April 26, 1976, p. 49. states: ‘This directive empowered the Secretary to coordinate oversees information activities designed to counter communism.’
„A Top Secret annex to NSC-4, NSC-4A, instructed the director of Central Intelligence to undertake covert psychological activities in pursuit of the aims set forth in NSC- 4. The initial authority given the CIA for covert operations under NSC-4A did not establish formal procedures for either coordinating or approving these operations. It simply directed the DCI to ‘undertake covert actions and to ensure, through liaison with Senate and Defense, that the resulting operations were consistent with American policy.’
„Later NSC-10/1 and NSC-10/2 were to supersede NSC-4 and NSC-4A and expand the covert abilities even further. The Office of Policy Coordination (OPC) was chartered to carry out an expanded program of covert activities. NSC-10/1 and NSC-10/2 validated illegal and extralegal practices and procedures as being agreeable to the national security leadership. The reaction was swift. In the eyes of the intelligence community ‘no holds were barred.’ Under NSC-10/1 an Executive Coordination Group was established to review, but not approve, covert project proposals. The ECG was secretly tasked to coordinate the alien projects. NSC-10/1 & /2 were interpreted to mean that no one at the top wanted to know about anything until it was over and successful.
„These actions established a buffer between the President and the information. It was intended that this buffer serve as a means for the President to deny knowledge if leaks divulged the true state of affairs. This buffer was used in later years for the purpose of effectively isolating succeeding Presidents from any knowledge of the alien presence OTHER THAN WHAT THE SECRET GOVERNMENT AND THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY WANTED THEM TO KNOW. NSC-10/2 established a study panel which met secretly and was made up of the scientific minds of the day. The study panel was not called MJ-12. Another NSC memo, NSC-10/5 further outlined the duties of the study panel. These NSC memos and secret Executive orders SET THE STAGE FOR THE CREATION OF MJ-12 ONLY FOUR YEARS LATER.
„SECRETARY OF DEFENSE JAMES FORRESTAL OBJECTED TO THE SECRECY. He was a very idealistic and religious man. He believed that the public should be told. James Forrestal was also one of the first known abductees. When he began to talk to leaders of the opposition party and leaders of the Congress about the alien problem he was asked to resign by Truman. He expressed his fears to many people. Rightfully, he believed that he was being watched. This was interpreted by those who were ignorant of the facts as paranoia. Forrestal later was said to have suffered a mental breakdown. He was ordered to the mental ward of Bethesda Naval Hospital. In spite of the fact that THE ADMINISTRATION HAD NO AUTHORITY TO HAVE HIM COMMITTED, the order was carried out. In fact, it was feared that Forrestal would begin to talk again. He had to be isolated and discredited. His family and friends were denied permission to visit. Finally, on May 21, 1949, Forrestal’s brother made a fateful decision. HE NOTIFIED AUTHORITIES THAT HE INTENDED TO REMOVE JAMES FROM BETHESDA on May 22. Sometime in the early morning of May 22, 1949, agents of the CIA tied a sheet around James Forrestal’s neck, fastened the other end to a fixture in his room, then threw James Forrestal out the window. The sheet tore and he plummeted to his death. James Forrestal’s secret diaries were confiscated by the CIA and were kept in the White House for many years. Due to public demand the diaries were eventually rewritten and published in a sanitized version. The real diary information was later furnished by the CIA in book form to an agent who published the material as fiction. THE NAME OF THE AGENT IS WHITLEY STRIEBER and the book is ‘MAJESTIC’. James Forrestal became one of the first victims of the cover-up.

„The live alien that had been found wandering in the desert from the 1949 Roswell crash was named EBE. The name had been suggested by Dr. Vannevar Bush and was short for Extraterrestrial Biological Entity. EBE HAD A TENDENCY TO LIE, and for over a year would give only the desired answer to questions asked. Those questions which would have resulted in an undesirable answer went unanswered. At one point during the second year of captivity he began to open up. The information derived from EBE was startling, to say the least. This compilation of his revelations became the foundation of what would later be called the ‘Yellow Book.’ Photographs were taken of EBE which, among others, I was to view years later in Project Grudge.
„In late 1951 EBE became ill. Medical personnel had been unable to determine the cause of EBE’s illness and had no background from which to draw… Several experts were called in to study the illness. These specialists included medical doctors, botanists, and entomologists. A botanist, Dr. Guillermo Mendoza, was brought in to try and help him recover. Dr. Mendoza worked to save EBE until June 2, 1952, when EBE died. Dr. Mendoza became the expert on at least this type of alien biology. The movie E.T. is the thinly disguised story of EBE.
„In a futile attempt to save EBE and to gain favor with this technologically superior race, the United States began broadcasting a call for help early in 1952 into the vast regions of space. The call went unanswered but the project, dubbed SIGMA, continued as an effort of good faith (Note: Apparently in this effort to kiss-up to a more technically advanced race of creatures these government officials forgot EBE’s infernal „tendency to lie”, and instead continued to believe what they WANTED to believe… that this was a sure may to satisfy their insatiable appetite for super technology, and that these creatures were benevolent – in spite of the fact that human body parts were found on board at least two of their craft. In our opinion these officials deserve whatever harmful actions may have been taken against them by these creatures as a result of establishing a ‘relationship’ with what was obviously a malevolent alien race for mostly selfish motives. It is not certain whether this particular alien was one of the mantis-like „Infernals” or one of the reptilian „Sauroids” who apparently are subject to them. However the movie ‘CLOSE ENCOUNTERS OF THE THIRD KIND,’ which whitewashed the actual malevolent nature of the aliens to an incredible degree, depicted BOTH the small saurian ‘gray’ type beings and the long-armed ‘mantis’ like creatures as working together. As we’ve said it seems that the desire of the secret government to obtain the occult-technology of these particular ‘aliens’ was one of their main motivations for establishing a WORKING contact with the saurian grays instead of with the more benevolent though protective human-alien races, even if it meant–as we shall soon see–the sellout of their fellow humans beings to obtain this. This ‘forbidden fruit’ of supertechnology would apparently allow the recipients to live like ‘gods’ over the rest of humanity – Branton).

„President Truman created the supersecret National Security Agency (NSA) by secret Executive order on November 4, 1952. Its primary purpose was to decipher the alien communications, language, and establish a dialogue with the extraterrestrials. The most urgent task was a continuation of the earlier effort. The secondary purpose of the NSA was to monitor all communications and emissions from any and all electronic devices worldwide for the purpose of gathering intelligence, both human and alien, AND TO CONTAIN THE SECRET OF THE ALIEN PRESENCE. Project SIGMA was successful.
„The NSA also MAINTAINS COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE LUNA BASE AND OTHER SECRET SPACE PROGRAMS (Note: Val Valerian was sent a document which was allegedly a crew roster for ‘Starfleet International U.S.S. Concord NCC-1989’ which listed several military personnel and their ACTUAL service numbers. A U.S.S. Excalibur was also mentioned, piloted by WO4. Chuck Graham SFMC-8906-0001; CPL. Chuck Fair SCMC-8908-0005; CPL. Jon Plant SCMC- 8908-0007; and WO3 Mike Wier – no service number given. Branton). By executive order of the President, the NSA is exempt from all laws which do not specifically name the NSA in the text of the law as being subject to that law. That means that if the agency is not spelled out in the text on any and every law passed by the Congress it is not subject to that or those laws. The NSA now performs many other duties and in fact is the premier agency within the intelligence network. Today the NSA receives approximately 75 per cent of the monies allotted to the intelligence community. The old saying ‘where the money goes therein the power resides’ is true. The DCI today is a figurehead maintained as a public ruse. The primary task of the NSA is still alien communications, but now includes other extraterrestrial projects as well.
„President Truman had been keeping our allies, including the Soviet Union, informed of the developing alien problem. THIS HAD BEEN DONE IN CASE THE ALIENS TURNED OUT TO BE A THREAT TO THE HUMAN RACE (Note: Could this explain the sudden and unexpected ‘fall’ of the Soviet Union and ‘Communism’? Although Communism still resides to a large extent in China and elsewhere it’s power has been greatly diminished in the Bolshevik states. The resulting international cooperation may be a two-edged sword, being either good or bad depending how it is used. For instance a global system might involve INDUSTRIAL cooperation which could strengthen the planet against an alien threat on the one hand while still allowing nations to retain their political independence and cultural diversities; or on the other hand it could involve POLITICAL cooperation which may very well lead to absolute dictatorial control of the world by a person or small group of persons, which would be devastating to the „cultural diversities” which add variety to the human race, who would no doubt be pressured give up their cultural characteristics in order to „conform” to the one-world political „beast” – Branton).
„PLANS WERE FORMULATED TO DEFEND THE EARTH IN CASE OF INVASION. Great difficulty was encountered in maintaining international secrecy. It was decided that an outside group was necessary to coordinate and control international efforts in order to hide the secret from the normal scrutiny of governments by the press. The result was the formation of a secret ruling body which became known as the Bilderberger Group. The group was formed and met for the first time in 1952. They were named after the first publicly known meeting place, the Bilderberg Hotel. That public meeting took place in 1954. They were nicknamed the Bilderbergers. The headquarters of this group is Geneva, Switzerland. The Bilderbergers evolved into a secret world government that now controls everything. The United Nations was then, and is now, an international joke.
„Beginning in 1953 a new president occupied the White House. He was a man used to a structured staff organization with a chain of command. His method was to delegate authority and rule by committee. He made his decisions, but only when his advisors were unable to come up with a consensus. His normal method was to read through or listen to several alternatives and then approve one. Those who worked closely with him have stated that his favorite comment was, ‘Just do whatever it takes.’ He spent a lot of time on the golf course. This was not unusual for a man who had been career Army with the ultimate position of Supreme Allied Commander during the war, a post which had earned him five stars. The President was General of the Army Dwight David Eisenhower.
„During his first year in office, 1953, at least 10 more crashed discs were recovered along with 26 dead and 4 live aliens. Of the 10, 4 were found in Arizona, 2 in Texas, 1 in New Mexico, 1 in Louisiana, 1 in Montana, and 1 in South Africa. There were hundreds of sightings.
„Eisenhower knew that he had to wrestle and beat the alien problem. He knew that he could not do it by revealing the secret to Congress. Early in 1953 the new President turned to his friend and fellow member of the Council on Foreign Relations Nelson Rockefeller. EISENHOWER AND ROCKEFELLER BEGAN PLANNING THE SECRET STRUCTURE OF THE ALIEN-TASK SUPERVISION, which became a reality within one year. Eisenhower and Rockefeller began planning the secret structure of the alien-task supervision, which was to become a reality within one year. The idea for MJ- 12 was thus born.
„It was Nelson’s uncle Winthrop Aldrich who had been crucial in convincing Eisenhower to run for President. The whole Rockefeller family and with them, the Rockefeller empire, had solidly backed Ike. Eisenhower belonged heart and soul to the Council on Foreign Relations and the Rockefeller family. ASKING ROCKEFELLER FOR HELP WITH THE ALIEN PROBLEM WAS TO BE THE BIGGEST MISTAKE EISENHOWER EVER MADE FOR THE FUTURE OF THE UNITED STATES AND MAYBE FOR HUMANITY.
„Within a week of Eisenhower’s election he had appointed Nelson Rockefeller chairman of a Presidential Advisory Committee on Government Organization. Rockefeller was responsible for planning the reorganization of government, something he had dreamed of for many years. New Deal programs went into one single cabinet position called the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. When the Congress approved the new Cabinet position in April 1953, Nelson was named to the post of Undersecretary to Oveta Culp Hobby.

„In 1953 astronomers discovered large objects in space which were tracked moving toward the Earth. It was first believed that they were asteroids. Later evidence proved that the objects could only be spaceships (perhaps hollowed-out asteroids from the astroid field between Mars and Jupiter? – Branton). Project SIGMA intercepted alien radio communications. When the objects reached the Earth they took up very high geosynchronous orbit around the equator. There were several huge ships, and their actual intent was unknown. Project SIGMA and a new project, PLATO, through radio communications using the computer binary language, were able to arrange a landing that resulted in face- to-face contact with alien beings from another planet. The landing took place in the desert. The movie, ‘CLOSE ENCOUNTERS OF THE THIRD KIND’ is a fictionalized version of the actual event. Project PLATO was tasked with establishing diplomatic relations with this race of space aliens. A hostage was left with us as a pledge that they would return and formalize a treaty.
„In the meantime, a race of humanoid (Nordic-Blond? – Branton) aliens landed at Homestead Air Force Base in Florida and successfully communicated with the U.S. government. THIS GROUP WARNED US AGAINST THE RACE ORBITING THE EQUATOR AND OFFERED TO HELP US WITH OUR SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT. THEY DEMANDED THAT WE DISMANTLE AND DESTROY OUR NUCLEAR WEAPONS AS THE MAJOR CONDITION. THEY REFUSED TO EXCHANGE TECHNOLOGY CITING THAT WE WERE SPIRITUALLY UNABLE TO HANDLE THE TECHNOLOGY WE ALREADY POSSESSED. THESE OVERTURES WERE REJECTED on the grounds that it would be foolish to disarm in the face of such an uncertain future. There was no track record to read from. IT MAY HAVE BEEN AN UNFORTUNATE DECISION.
„A third landing at Muroc, now Edwards Air Force Base, took place in 1954. The base was closed for three days and no one was allowed to enter or leave during that time. The historical event had been planned in advance. Details of a treaty had been agreed upon. Eisenhower arranged to be in Palm Springs on vacation. On the appointed day the President was spirited to the base. The excuse was given to the press that he was visiting a dentist. Witnesses to the event have stated that three UFOs flew over the base and then landed. Antiaircraft batteries were undergoing live-fire training and the startled personnel actually fired at the crafts as they passed overhead… the shells missed and no one was injured (Note: These three craft were apparently from the orbiting „gray” craft that the ‘humanoids’ warned the government about. This ‘meeting’ apparently resulted in one of the major ‘U.S. government – Gray’ treaties. The fact that the startled gunners failed to destroy the alien ships may have been unfortunate, as such an event might have led to an abort of the so-called ‘treaty’ deal with the grays – Branton).
„President Eisenhower met with the aliens on February 20, 1954, and a formal treaty between the alien nation and the United States of America was signed. We then received our first alien ambassador from outer space. He was the hostage that had been left at the first landing in the desert. His name was ‘His Omnipotent Highness Crilll or Krilll,’ pronounced Crill or Krill. In the American tradition of disdain for royal titles he was secretly called ‘ORIGINAL HOSTAGE CRILL, OR KRILL.’ Shortly after this meeting President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack (the judgement of God?).
„Four others present at the meeting were Franklin Allen of the HEARST NEWSPAPERS, Edwin Nourse of BROOKINGS INSTITUTE, Gerald Light of METAPHYSICAL RESEARCH fame, and CATHOLIC BISHOP MacIntyre of Los Angeles. Their reaction was judged as a microcosm of what the public reaction might be. Based on this reaction, it was decided that the public could not be told. Later studies confirmed the decision as sound.
„An emotionally revealing letter written by Gerald Light spells out in chilling detail: ‘My dear friends: I have just returned from Muroc. The report is true – devastatingly true! I made the journey in company with Franklin Allen of the Hearst papers and Edwin Nourse of Brookings Institute (Truman’s erstwhile financial advisor) and Bishop MacIntyre of L.A. (confidential names for the present, please). When we were allowed to enter the restricted section (after about six hours in which we were checked on every possible item, event, incident and aspect of our personal and public lives), I HAD THE DISTINCT FEELING THAT THE WORLD HAD COME TO AN END WITH FANTASTIC REALISM. FOR I HAVE NEVER SEEN SO MANY HUMAN BEINGS IN A STATE OF COMPLETE COLLAPSE AND CONFUSION, AS THEY REALIZED THAT THEIR OWN WORLD HAD INDEED ENDED WITH SUCH FINALITY AS TO BEGGAR DESCRIPTION. THE REALITY OF ‘OTHER-PLANE’ AEROFORMS IS NOW AND FOREVER REMOVED FROM THE REALMS OF SPECULATION AND MADE A RATHER PAINFUL PART OF THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF EVERY RESPONSIBLE SCIENTIFIC AND POLITICAL GROUP. During my two days’ visit I saw five separate and distinct types of aircraft being studied and handled by our Air Force officials – with the assistance and permission of the Etherians!
„‘I have no words to express my reactions. It has finally happened. It is now a matter of history. President Eisenhower, as you may already know, was spirited over to Muroc one night during his visit to Palm Springs recently. And it is my conviction that he will ignore the terrific conflict between the various ‘authorities’ and go directly to the people via radio and television – if the impasse continues much longer. FROM WHAT I COULD GATHER, AN OFFICIAL STATEMENT TO THE COUNTRY IS BEING PREPARED FOR DELIVERY ABOUT THE MIDDLE OF MAY.’
„We know that no such announcement was ever made. The silence-control group won that day. We also know that two more ships, for which we can find no witnesses, either landed sometime after the three or were already at the base before the three landed. Gerald Light specifically states that five ships were present and were undergoing study by the Air Force. HIS METAPHYSICAL EXPERIENCE IS EVIDENT IN THAT HE CALLS THE ENTITIES ‘ETHERIANS.’ Gerald Light capitalized ‘Etherians,’ calling attention to the fact that these beings might have been viewed as gods by Mr. Light (Something which the saurian „Grays” etc., apparently wished all humans would believe, and we’re sure „His Omnipotent Highness Krill” would agree – Branton).

„The alien emblem was known as the ‘Trilateral Insignia’ and was displayed on the craft and worn on the alien uniforms. Both of those landings and the second meeting were filmed. These films exist today.
„The treaty stated that the aliens would not interfere in our affairs and we would not interfere in theirs. WE WOULD KEEP THEIR PRESENCE ON EARTH A SECRET. They would furnish us with advanced technology and would help us in our technological development. They would not make any treaty with any other Earth nation. THEY COULD ABDUCT HUMANS ON A LIMITED AND PERIODIC BASIS FOR THE PURPOSE OF MEDICAL EXAMINATION AND MONITORING OF OUR DEVELOPMENT, WITH THE STIPULATION THAT THE HUMANS WOULD NOT BE HARMED, WOULD BE RETURNED TO THEIR POINT OF ABDUCTION, AND WOULD HAVE NO MEMORY OF THE EVENT, AND THAT THE ALIEN NATION WOULD FURNISH MAJESTY TWELVE WITH A LIST OF ALL HUMAN CONTACTS AND ABDUCTEES ON A REGULARLY SCHEDULED BASIS.
„It was agreed that each nation would receive the ambassador of the other for as long as the treaty remained in force. It was further agreed that the alien nation and the United States would exchange 16 personnel with the purpose of learning of each other. The alien ‘guests’ would remain on earth. THE HUMAN ‘GUESTS’ WOULD TRAVEL TO THE ALIEN POINT OF ORIGIN FOR A SPECIFIED PERIOD OF TIME, then return, at which point a reverse exchange would be made. A reenactment of this event was dramatized in the movie ‘CLOSE ENCOUNTERS OF THE THIRD KIND.’ A tipoff to who works for whom can be determined BY THE FACT THAT DR. J. ALLEN HYNEK SERVED AS THE TECHNICAL ADVISOR FOR THE FILM. I noticed that the Top Secret report containing the official version of the truth of the alien question, entitled project GRUDGE, which I read while in the Navy, was co-authored by LT. COL. FRIEND and DR. J. ALLEN HYNEK, WHO WAS CITED AS A CIA ASSET attached to Project GRUDGE – – Dr. Hynek, the one who debunked many legitimate UFO incidents when he functioned as the scientific member of the very public Project BLUEBOOK. Dr. Hynek is the man responsible for the infamous ‘it was only swamp gas’ statement.
„It was agreed that bases would be constructed underground for the use of the alien nation and that two bases would be constructed for the joint use of the alien nation and the United States Government. Exchange of technology would take place in the jointly occupied bases. THESE ALIEN BASES WOULD BE CONSTRUCTED UNDER INDIAN RESERVATIONS IN THE FOUR CORNERS AREA OF UTAH, COLORADO, NEW MEXICO AND ARIZONA, and one would be constructed in an area known as Dreamland (Note: Many sources allege that the reason the ‘aliens’ insisted on these underground bases beneath these particular areas was that ‘they’ in fact are not exclusively from other planetary bodies, but that they are originally from earth and have for centuries occupied deep cavern levels beneath the earth, and more recently beneath these areas of the southwest. The ‘bases’ then, which most in the government would believe are of exclusively human construction for use in ‘joint’ operations, would actually be ‘covers’ or ‘fronts’ for actual subterranean systems already largely under the control of this saurian race. This would explain why many human workers in these ‘joint’ bases have been kept highly compartmentalized; why many do not realize what’s taking place in the lower levels or even that such lower levels exist when other deeper-level workers allege that they do; why the ‘security’ increases enormously the deeper one descends into these underground bases; and why the human influence decreases and the saurian-reptoid-gray-etc. influence increases the deeper one descends into these bases – Branton).
„Dreamland was built in the Mojave desert near, or in, a place called Yucca. I cannot remember if it was Yucca Valley, Yucca Flat, or Yucca Proving Ground, but Yucca Valley is what I always seem to want to say. MORE UFO SIGHTINGS AND INCIDENTS OCCUR IN THE MOJAVE DESERT OF CALIFORNIA THAN ANY OTHER PLACE IN THE WORLD. So many, in fact, that no one even bothers to make reports. Anyone who ventures into the desert to talk to the residents will be astounded by the frequency of activity and with the degree of acceptance demonstrated by those who have come to regard UFOs as normal.
„All alien areas are under complete control of the Naval Department (although some may argue that they are only in control of the uppermost levels of these ‘bases’ – Branton), according to the documents I read. All personnel who work in these complexes receive their checks from the Navy through a subcontractor. The checks never make reference to the government or the Navy. Construction of the bases began immediately, but progress was slow. LARGE AMOUNTS OF MONEY WERE MADE AVAILABLE IN 1957. Work continued on the Yellow Book.

„Project REDLIGHT was formed and experiments in test-flying alien craft was begun in earnest. A super-Top Secret facility was built at Groom Lake in Nevada in the midst of the weapons test range. It was code-named Area 51. The installation was placed under the Department of the Navy and all personnel required a ‘Q’ clearance as well as Executive (Presidential, called MAJESTIC) approval. This was ironic, due to the fact that the President of the United States does not have clearance to visit the site. The alien base and exchange of technology actually took place in an area code-named Dreamland above ground, and the underground portion was dubbed ‘the Dark Side of the Moon.’ ACCORDING TO THE DOCUMENTATION I READ, AT LEAST 600 ALIEN BEINGS ACTUALLY RESIDE FULL TIME AT THIS SITE ALONG WITH AN UNKNOWN NUMBER OF SCIENTISTS AND CIA PERSONNEL. DUE TO THE FEAR OF IMPLANTATION, ONLY CERTAIN PEOPLE WERE ALLOWED TO INTERFACE WITH THE ALIEN BEINGS, AND THOSE PERSONNEL WERE AND ARE WATCHED AND MONITORED CONTINUOUSLY.
„The Army was tasked to form a supersecret organization to furnish security for the alien-tasked projects. THIS ORGANIZATION BECAME THE NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE ORGANIZATION BASED AT FORT CARSON, COLORADO. THE SPECIFIC TEAMS TRAINED TO SECURE THE PROJECTS WERE CALLED DELTA. LT. COL. JAMES ‘BO’ GRITZ WAS A DELTA FORCE COMMANDER.
„A second project code-named SNOWBIRD was promulgated to explain away any sightings of the REDLIGHT crafts as being Air Force experiments. The SNOWBIRD crafts were manufactured using conventional technology and were flown for the press on several occasions. Project SNOWBIRD was also used to debunk legitimate public sightings of alien craft (UFOs to the public, IACs – Identified Alien Craft – to those in the know). Project SNOWBIRD was very successful, and reports from the public declined steadily until recent years.
„A multimillion-dollar Secret fund was organized and kept by the Military Office of the White House. THIS FUND WAS USED TO BUILD OVER 75 DEEP UNDERGROUND FACILITIES. Presidents who asked were told the fund was used to build deep underground shelters for the President in case of war. Only a few were built for the President. Millions of dollars were funneled through the office of Majesty Twelve and then out to the contractors. It was used to build Top Secret alien bases as well as Top Secret DUMB (Deep Underground Military Bases) AND THE FACULTIES PROMULGATED BY ALTERNATIVE 2 THROUGHOUT THE NATION. President Johnson used this fund to build a movie theater and pave the road on his ranch. He had no idea of it’s true purpose.
„The secret White House underground-construction fund was set up in 1957 by President Eisenhower. The funding was obtained from Congress under the guise of ‘construction and maintenance of secret sites where the President could be taken in case of military attack: Presidential Emergency Sites.’ The sites are literally holes in the ground, deep enough to withstand a nuclear blast, and are outfitted with state-of-the-art communications equipment. To date there are more than 75 sites spread around the country which were built using money from this fund. The Atomic Energy Commission has built at least 22 underground sites…
„The location and everything to do with these sites were and are considered and treated as Top Secret. The money was and is in control of the Military Office of the White House, and was and is laundered through so circuitous a web that even the most knowledgeable spy or accountant cannot follow it. As of 1980 only a few at the beginning and end of this web knew what the money was for. At the beginning were Representative George Mahon of Texas, the chairman of the House Appropriations Committee and of its Defense Subcommittee, and Representative Robert Sikes of Florida, chairman of the House Appropriations Military Construction Subcommittee. Today it is rumored that House Speaker Jim Wright controlled the money in Congress and that a power struggle removed him. At the end of the line were the President, Majesty Twelve, the director of the Military Office and a commander at the Washington Navy Yard.
„The money was authorized by the Appropriations Committee, who allocated it to the Department of Defense as a Top Secret item in the Army construction program. The Army, however, could not spend it and in fact did not even know what it was for. Authorization to spend the money was in reality given to the Navy. The money was channeled to the Chesapeake Division of the Navy Engineers, who did not know what is was for, either. Not even the commanding officer, who was an admiral, knew what the fund was used for. Only one man, a Navy commander who was assigned to the Chesapeake Division but in reality was responsible only to the Military Office of the White House, knew of the actual purpose, amount, and ultimate destination of the Top Secret money. THE TOTAL SECRECY SURROUNDING THE FUND MEANT THAT ALMOST EVERY TRACE OF IT COULD BE MADE TO DISAPPEAR BY THE VERY FEW PEOPLE WHO CONTROLLED IT. There has never been and most likely never will be an audit of the secret money.
„Large amounts of money were transferred from the Top Secret fund to a location at Palm Peach, Florida, that belongs to the Coast Guard called Peanut Island. The island is adjacent to property which was owned by Joseph Kennedy. The money was said to have been used for landscaping and general beautification. Some time ago a TV news special on the Kennedy assassination told of a Coast Guard officer transferring money in a briefcase to a Kennedy employee across this property line. Could this have been a secret payment to the Kennedy family for the loss of their son John F. Kennedy? The payments continued through the year 1967 and then stopped. The total amount transferred is unknown and the actual use of the money is unknown.

„Meanwhile, Nelson Rockefeller changed positions again. This time he was to take C.D. Jackson’s old position, which had been called the Special Assistant for Psychological Strategy. With Nelson’s appointment the name was changed to the Special Assistant for Cold War Strategy. This position would evolve over the years into THE SAME POSITION HENRY KISSINGER WAS ULTIMATELY TO HOLD UNDER PRESIDENT NIXON. Officially he was to give ‘advice and assistance in the development of increased understanding and cooperation among all peoples.’ The official description was a smoke screen, for SECRETLY HE WAS THE PRESIDENTIAL COORDINATOR FOR THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY. In his new post Rockefeller reported directly, and solely, to the President. He attended meetings of the Cabinet, the Council on Foreign Economic Policy, and THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL, WHICH WAS THE HIGHEST POLICY- MAKING BODY IN THE GOVERNMENT.
„Nelson Rockefeller was also given a second important job as the head of the secret unit called the Planning Coordination Group, which was formed under NSC 5412/1 in March 1955. The group consisted of different ad hoc members, depending on the subject of the agenda. The basic members were Rockefeller, a representative of the Department of Defense, a representative of the Department of State, and the Director of Central Intelligence. It was soon called the 5412 Committee or the Special Group. NSC 5412/1 established the rule that covert operations were subject to approval by an executive committee, whereas in the past these operations were initiated solely on the authority of the Director of Central Intelligence.
„By secret Executive Memorandum NSC 5510, Eisenhower had preceded NSC 5412/1 to establish a permanent committee (not ad hoc) to be known as Majesty Twelve (MJ-12) TO OVERSEE AND CONDUCT ALL COVERT ACTIVITIES CONCERNED WITH THE ALIEN QUESTION. NSC 5412/1 was created to explain the purpose of these meetings when Congress and the press became curious.
„MAJESTY TWELVE was made up of NELSON ROCKEFELLER, Director of Central Intelligence ALLEN WELSH DULLES, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ADMIRAL ARTHUR W. RADFORD, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation J. EDGAR HOOVER, six men from the executive committee of the COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS known as the ‘Wise Men,’ six members from the EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE of the JASON Group, and DR. EDWARD TELLER.
„The JASON Group is a secret scientific group formed during the Manhattan Project and administered by the Mitre Corporation. THE INNER CORE OF THE COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS RECRUITS ITS MEMBERS FROM THE SKULL & BONES AND THE SCROLL & KEY SOCIETIES OF HARVARD AND YALE. The Wise Men are key members of the Council on Foreign Relations and also members of the ORDER OF THE QUEST known as the JASON Society.
„THERE WERE 19 MEMBERS OF MAJESTY TWELVE. THE FIRST RULE OF MAJESTY TWELVE WAS THAT NO ORDER COULD BE GIVEN AND NO ACTION COULD BE TAKEN WITHOUT A MAJORITY VOTE OF TWELVE IN FAVOR, THUS MAJORITY TWELVE. Orders issued by Majesty Twelve became known as Majority Twelve directives.
„This group was made up over the years of the top officers and directors of the Council on Foreign Relations and later the Trilateral Commission. GORDON DEAN, GEORGE BUSH AND ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI WERE AMONG THEM. The most important and influential of the Wise Men were JOHN MCCLOY, ROBERT LOVETT, AVERELL HARRIMAN, CHARLES BOHLEN, GEORGE KENNAN, AND DEAN ACHESON. Their policies were to last well into the decade of the ’70’s. IT IS SIGNIFICANT THAT PRESIDENT EISENHOWER AS WELL AS THE FIRST SIX MAJESTY TWELVE MEMBERS FROM THE GOVERNMENT WERE ALSO MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS. THIS GAVE CONTROL OF THE MOST SECRET AND POWERFUL GROUP IN GOVERNMENT TO A SPECIAL-INTREST CLUB THAT WAS ITSELF CONTROLLED BY THE ILLUMINATI.
„Thorough researchers will soon discover that not all of the Wise Men attended Harvard or Yale and not all of them were chosen for Skull & Bones or Scroll & Key membership during their college years. You will be able to quickly clear up the mystery by obtaining the book ‘THE WISE MEN’ by Walter Isaacson and Evan Thomas., Simon and Schuster., New York. Under illustration #9 in the center of the book you will find the caption: ‘Lovett with the Yale Unit, above far right, and on the beach: His initiation into Skull & Bones came at an air base near Dunkirk.’ I have found that members were chosen on an ongoing basis by invitation based upon merit postcollege and were not confined to Harvard and Yale attendees only. Because of this fact, a complete list of Skull & Bones members can never be compiled from the catalogues or addresses of the college segment of the Russell Trust, also known as the Brotherhood of Death, or the Skull & Bones. Now you know why it has been impossible to pinpoint the membership either by number or by name. I believe that the answer lies hidden in the CFR files, if files exist.
„A chosen few were later initiated into the secret branch of the Order of the Quest known as the JASON Society. They are all members of the Council on Foreign Relations and at that time were known as THE EASTERN ESTABLISHMENT. This should give you a clue to the far-reaching and serious nature of these most secret college societies. The society is alive and well today, but now includes MEMBERS OF THE TRILATERAL COMMISSION as well. The Trilaterals existed secretly BEFORE 1973. THE NAME OF THE TRILATERAL COMMISSION WAS TAKEN FROM THE ALIEN FLAG KNOWN AS THE TRILATERAL INSIGNIA. Majesty Twelve was to survive right up to the present day. Under Eisenhower and Kennedy it was erroneously called the 5412 Committee, or more correctly, the Special Group. In the Johnson administration it became the 303 Committee because the name ‘5412’ had been compromised in the book ‘THE SECRET GOVERNMENT.’ Actually, NSC 5412/1 was leaked to the author to hide the existence of NSC 5410. Under Nixon, Ford, and Carter it was called the 40 Committee, and under Reagan it became known as the PI-40 Committee. Over all those years ONLY THE NAME CHANGED.

„BY 1955 IT BECAME OBVIOUS THAT THE ALIENS HAD DECEIVED EISENHOWER AND HAD BROKEN THE TREATY. MUTILATED HUMANS WERE BEING FOUND ALONG WITH MUTILATED ANIMALS ACROSS THE UNITED STATES. IT WAS SUSPECTED THAT THE ALIENS WERE NOT SUBMITTING A COMPLETE LIST OF HUMAN CONTACTS AND ABDUCTEES TO MAJESTY TWELVE AND IT WAS SUSPECTED THAT NOT ALL ABDUCTEES HAD BEEN RETURNED. The Soviet Union was suspected of interacting with them, an this proved to be true. THE ALIENS STATED THAT THEY HAD BEEN, AND WERE THEN, MANIPULATING MASSES OF PEOPLE THROUGH SECRET SOCIETIES, WITCHCRAFT, MAGIC, THE OCCULT, AND RELIGION. You must understand that this claim could also be a manipulation. AFTER SEVERAL AIR FORCE COMBAT AIR ENGAGEMENTS WITH ALIEN CRAFT it became apparent that our weapons were no match against them.
„In November 1955 NSC-5412/2 was issued establishing a study committee to explore ‘all factors which are involved in the making and implementing of foreign policy in the nuclear age.’ This was only a blanket of snow that covered the real subject of study, the alien question.
„By secret Executive Memorandum NSC 5511 in 1954, President Eisenhower had commissioned the study group to ‘EXAMINE ALL THE FACTS, EVIDENCE, LIES, AND DECEPTION AND DISCOVER THE TRUTH OF THE ALIEN QUESTION.’ NSC 5412/2 was only a cover that had become necessary when the press began inquiring as to the purpose of regular meetings of such important men. The first meetings began in 1954 and were called the Quantico meetings because they met at the Quantico Marine Base. The study group was made up solely of 35 members of the Council on Foreign Relations’ secret study group. Dr. Edward Teller was invited to participate. Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski was the study director for the first 18 months. Dr. Henry Kissinger was chosen as the group’s study director for the second 18 months beginning in November 1955. Nelson Rockefeller was a frequent visitor during the study.

THE STUDY GROUP MEMBERSGordon Dean, Chairman
Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski, Study Director – 1st Phase Dr. Henry Kissinger, Study Director – 2nd Phase
Dr. Edward Teller               Maj.Gen. Richard C. Lindsay  Mr. Hanson W. Baldwin           Maj.Gen. James McCormack, Jr.  Mr. Frank C. Nash               Mr. Paul H. Nitze  Mr. Charles P. Noyes            Mr. Frank Pace, Jr.  Mr. James A. Perkins            Mr. Don K. Price  Mr. David Rockefeller           Mr. Oscar M. Ruebhausen  Lt. Gen. James M. Gavin         Mr. Caryl P. Haskins  Mr. James T. Hill, Jr.          Mr. Joseph E. Johnson  Mr. MeNin J. Kelly              Mr. Frank Altschul  Mr. Hamilton Fish Armstrong     Mr. Lloyd V. Berkner  Mr. Robert R. Bowie Mr. McGeorge Bundy  Mr. William A.M.Burden Mr. John C. Campbell  Mr. Thomas K. Finletter Mr. George S. Franklin, Jr.  Mr. I.I. Rabi Mr. Roswell L. Gilpatric  Mr. N.E. Halaby Mr. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith  Mr. Henry DeWolf Smyth Mr. Shields Warren  Mr. Carrol L. Wilson Mr. Arnold Wolfers
„The second-phase meetings were also held at the Marine base at Quantico, Virginia, and the group became known as Quantico II. Nelson Rockefeller built a retreat somewhere in Maryland for Majesty Twelve and the study committee. It could be reached only by air. In this manner they could meet away from public scrutiny. This secret meeting place is known by the code name ‘the Country Club.’ Complete living, eating, recreation, library, and meeting facilities exist at the location (The Aspen Institute is not the Country Club).”The study group was publicly terminated in the later months on 1956. Henry Kissinger wrote what was officially termed the results of 1957 as ‘NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND FOREIGN POLICY,’ published for the Council on Foreign Relations by Harper & Brothers, New York. IN TRUTH, THE MANUSCRIPT HAD ALREADY BEEN 80% WRITTEN WHILE KISSINGER WAS AT HARVARD. THE STUDY GROUP CONTINUED, VEILED IN SECRECY. A clue to the seriousness Kissinger attached to the study can be found in statements by his wife and friends. Many of them stated that Henry would leave home early each morning and return late each night without speaking to anyone or responding to anyone. It seemed as if he were in another world which held no room for outsiders.
„These statements are very revealing. The revelations of the alien presence and actions during the study must have been a great shock. Henry Kissinger was definitely out of character during this time. He would never again be affected in this manner, no matter the seriousness of any subsequent event. On many occasions he would work very late into the night after having put in a full day. This behavior eventually led to divorce.
„A major finding of the alien study WAS THAT THE PUBLIC COULD NOT BE TOLD. IT WAS BELIEVED THAT THIS WOULD MOST CERTAINLY LEAD TO ECONOMIC COLLAPSE, COLLAPSE OF THE RELIGIOUS STRUCTURE, AND NATIONAL PANIC, WHICH COULD LEAD TO ANARCHY (Note: This was no doubt based largely on the assumption that the existence of these ‘aliens’ could not be explained in terms of traditional Christian religion, which conclusion might have been reached by many, especially in the face of the saurian grays’ persistent attempts to hide their true reptilian nature as it relates to ancient Biblical history and prophecy. However, based on what we’ve already covered in these files, it is evident that such alien activity does in reality conform to Christian theology and was in fact prophesied in Judeo-Christian scripture thousands of years ago. The ignorance would merely be an inability to properly interpret these ancient prophecies due to a lack of a foundational knowledge necessary to make such correct interpretations. Therefore such knowledge, if presented properly, would probably not bring about a collapse in the ‘religious’ world. Also, the realization of the existence of an Almighty Creator-God infinitely more powerful than the ‘aliens’ would likely prevent the ‘panic’ and resulting economic collapse- anarchy which the ‘Study Group’ feared – Branton).
„Secrecy thus continued. An offshoot of this finding was that if the public could not be told, Congress could not be told. Funding for the projects and research would have to come from outside the Government. In the meantime money was to be obtained from the military budget and from CIA confidential, non-appropriated funds.

„ANOTHER MAJOR FINDING WAS THAT THE ALIENS WERE USING HUMANS AND ANIMALS FOR A SOURCE OF GLANDULAR SECRETIONS, ENZYMES, HORMONAL SECRETIONS, BLOOD PLASMA AND POSSIBLY IN GENETIC EXPERIMENTS. The aliens explained these actions as necessary to their survival. They stated that their genetic structure had deteriorated and that they were no longer able to reproduce. They stated that if they were unable to improve their genetic structure, their race would soon cease to exist. WE LOOKED UPON THEIR EXPLANATIONS WITH SUSPICION (Note: According to sources which we will quote later on, the actual purposes of the mutilations are far different than what these alien creatures allege them to be. Some groups connected to MJ-12 however seem to have fallen for this propaganda, such as the top secret ‘Yellow Fruit’ unit working in Nevada who are, or at least were at one point, convinced that the ‘grays’ were incapable of reproducing. In spite of ‘their’ allegations that they cannot reproduce, certain witnesses have alleged that the saurian grays are actually reproducing profusely within DEEP underground levels utilizing solar-heat ‘egg’ hatcheries, polyembryony tanks, cloning, etc. Also, the body fluids according to other sources are not used exclusively for ‘improving their genetic structure’ but as sustenance or ‘food’ for the saurian grays, etc. Their claims to the contrary, as well as other allegations, should be studied in the light of their previous known TENDENCIES TO LIE – Branton).
„Since our weapons were literally useless against the aliens, Majesty Twelve decided to continue friendly diplomatic relations UNTIL SUCH A TIME AS WE WERE ABLE TO DEVELOP A TECHNOLOGY WHICH WOULD ENABLE US TO CHALLENGE THEM ON A MILITARY BASES. Overtures would have to be made to the Soviet Union and other nations to join forces for the survival of humanity. In the meantime PLANS WERE DEVELOPED TO RESEARCH AND CONSTRUCT TWO WEAPONS SYSTEMS USING CONVENTIONAL AND NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY, WHICH WOULD HOPEFULLY BRING US TO PARITY.
„The results of the research were Projects JOSHUA and EXCALIBUR. JOSHUA was a weapon captured from the Germans which was capable of shattering 4-inch-thick armor plate at a range of two miles. It used aimed, low-frequency sound waves, and it was believed that this weapon would be effective against the alien craft and beam weapons. EXCALIBUR was a weapon carried by a missile not to rise above 30,000 feet above ground level (AGL), not to deviate from designated target more than 50 meters, able to… penetrate ‘1,000 METERS OF TUFA, HARD- PACKED SOIL SUCH AS THAT FOUND IN NEW MEXICO,’ carry a one-megaton warhead, and intended for use in destroying the aliens in their underground bases (Note: According to many sources several of the ‘alien’ underground bases contain humans – human-soulled-hybrids, and human captives both living and in cold storage, who have been the victims of alien abductions from surface and in some cases subsurface or extrasurface communities. Obviously, EXCALIBUR should not be used against such installations, but the surface- to-subsurface routes should be sought out and an underground invasion force should be utilized to destroy the aliens yet spare any surviving humans and take the bases intact. To do otherwise may be in essence ‘sacrificing’ innocent lives needlessly to get an advantage over the aliens, in which case we would prove ourselves to be no better than the alien- grays/sauroids themselves! In connection with the JOSHUA anti- spacecraft weapon, extreme caution should of course be used to distinguish human-occupied spacecraft from those craft utilized by the saurians – Branton).
„JOSHUA was developed successfully but never used, to my knowledge. EXCALIBUR was not pushed until recent years and now, we are told, THERE IS AN UNPRECEDENTED EFFORT TO DEVELOP THIS WEAPON. The public would be told that EXCALIBUR would be needed to take out Soviet underground command posts. We know that is not true because one rule of war is that you try not to destroy the leaders. They are needed to ensure peaceful transition of power and compliance of the populace to all negotiated or dictated terms.

William Cooper continues with his report by stating:
„…A symposium was held in 1957 which was attended by some of the great scientific minds then living. They reached the conclusion that by, or shortly after, the year 2000 the planet WOULD self-destruct due to increased population and man’s exploitation of the environment WITHOUT ANY HELP FROM GOD OR THE ALIENS.
„By secret Executive order of President Eisenhower, the JASON Scholars were ordered to study this scenario and make recommendations from their findings. The JASON Society CONFIRMED the findings of the scientists and made three recommendations called ALTERNATIVES 1, 2, AND 3.
„Alternative 1 was to use nuclear devices to blast holes in the stratosphere from which the heat and pollution could escape into space. They would then change the human cultures from that of exploitation into cultures of environmental protection. Of the three this was decided to be the least likely to succeed due to the inherent nature of man and the additional damage the nuclear explosions would themselves create. THE EXISTENCE OF A HOLE IN THE OZONE LAYER MAY INDICATE THAT ALTERNATIVE 1 MIGHT HAVE BEEN ATTEMPTED. THIS IS, HOWEVER, ONLY CONJECTURE.
„ALTERNATIVE 2 WAS TO BUILD A VAST NETWORK OF UNDERGROUND CITIES AND TUNNELS IN WHICH A SELECT REPRESENTATION OF ALL CULTURES AND OCCUPATIONS WOULD SURVIVE AND CARRY ON THE HUMAN RACE. THE REST OF HUMANITY WOULD BE LEFT TO FEND FOR THEMSELVES ON THE SURFACE OF THE PLANET. We know that these facilities have been built and are ready and waiting for the chosen few to be notified.
„Alternative 3 was to exploit the alien and conventional technology in order for a select few to leave the earth and establish colonies in outer space. I am not able to either confirm or deny the existence of ‘batch consignments’ of human slaves, which would be used for the manual labor as a part of the plan. The Moon, code-named ADAM, was the object of primary intrest, followed by the planet Mars, code-named EVE. I am now in possession of official NASA photographs of one of the moon bases. I believe that the Mars colony is also a reality (Note: There are some who suggest that „global warming” may not actually be taking place as believed, and that this „scare” is based largely on computerized models or simulations which have not always coincided with actual temperature variations. Is it possible that the earth is attempting to „heal” itself? Could it be that to some extent „global warming” is more-or-less an „excuse” that is being used to justify huge expenditures for subterran and exterran „bases” for secret government use such as in the „Alternative” scenarios? This is of course, even if true, no reason to destroy this planet, as pollution of the air, water and earth IS something which could lead to an eventual devastation of this Earth. – Branton).
„As a delaying action, ALL THREE ALTERNATIVES included BIRTH CONTROL, STERILIZATION, AND THE INTRODUCTION OF DEADLY MICROBES TO CONTROL OR SLOW THE GROWTH OF EARTH’S POPULATION. AIDS is only ONE result of these plans. It was decided BY THE ELITE that since the population must be reduced and controlled, it would be in the best intrest of the human race to rid ourselves of undesirable elements of our society. Specific targeted populations included BLACKS, HISPANICS, and HOMOSEXUALS.” (Note: It appears that when they made this decision the elite were on the verge of possessing the technology to solve the overpopulation, food and energy problems – even to the point of being able to transport excess populations to other planetary bodies if necessary. Apparently they opted for mass genocide which they believed would keep the population to a manageable minimum, not wishing to give up the political and economic control which they possessed and which would to a large degree be lost if they openly gave this super- technology freely to the masses. Pro-abortion activist-leader and ‘Planned Parenthood’ founder Margaret Sanger betrays her own devotion to the Globalist genocidal policies and insensitivity to women’s rights, especially non-Aryan women’s rights–not to mention the constitutional rights to ‘life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness’ on the part of multi-millions of children–in the following words from her first book ‘PIVOT OF CIVILIZATION’. In reference to free maternity care for the poor she states: „Instead of decreasing and aiming to eliminate the stocks that are most detrimental to the future of the race and the world it tends to render them to a menacing degree dominant.” And in reference to her ‘Negro Project’ of the late 1930’s, which aimed at recruiting black ministers, physicians and political leaders for birth control and sterilization in the black community, Sanger wrote: „…We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population, and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.” – Branton). Cooper continues:

„The joint U.S. and Soviet leadership dismissed Alternative 1 BUT ORDERED WORK TO BEGIN ON ALTERNATIVES 2 AND 3 VIRTUALLY AT THE SAME TIME.
„In 1959 the Rand Corporation hosted a Deep Underground Construction Symposium. In the symposium report, machines are pictured and described WHICH COULD BORE A TUNNEL 45 FEET IN DIAMETER AT THE RATE OF 5 FEET PER HOUR IN 1959. IT ALSO DISPLAYS PICTURES OF HUGE TUNNELS AND UNDERGROUND VAULTS CONTAINING WHAT APPEAR TO BE COMPLEX FACILITIES AND POSSIBLY EVEN CITIES. IT APPEARS THAT THE PREVIOUS FIVE YEARS OF ALL- OUT UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTION HAD MADE SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS BY THAT TIME.
„The ruling powers decided that one means of funding the alien- connected and other ‘black’ projects was to corner the illegal drug market. THE ENGLISH AND THE FRENCH HAD ESTABLISHED A HISTORICAL PRECEDENT WHEN THEY EXPLOITED THE OPIUM TRADE IN THE FAR EAST AND USED IT TO FILL THEIR COFFERS AND GAIN A SOLID FOOTHOLD IN CHINA AND VIETNAM, RESPECTIVELY.
„A young ambitious member of the Council on Foreign Relations was approached. His name was George Bush, who at the time was the president and CEO of THE OFFSHORE DIVISION OF ZAPATA OIL, BASED IN TEXAS. Zapata Oil was experimenting with the new technology of offshore drilling. It was correctly thought that the drugs could be shipped from South America to the offshore platforms by fishing boat, to be taken from there to shore by the normal transportation used for supplies and personnel. By this method no customs or law enforcement agency would subject the cargo to search.
„George Bush agreed to help, and organized the operation IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE CIA. The plan worked better than anyone had dreamed. It has since expanded worldwide. There are now many other methods of bringing illegal drugs into the country. IT MUST ALWAYS BE REMEMBERED THAT GEORGE BUSH BEGAN THE SALE OF DRUGS TO OUR CHILDREN. The CIA now controls most of the world’s illegal drug markets.

„The official space program was boosted by President Kennedy in his inaugural address when he mandated that the United States put a man on the Moon before the end of the decade. Although innocent in its conception, this mandate enabled those in charge to funnel vast amounts of money into black projects AND CONCEAL THE REAL SPACE PROGRAM FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. A similar program in the Soviet Union served the same purpose. IN FACT, A JOINT ALIEN, UNITED STATES, AND SOVIET UNION BASE EXISTED ON THE MOON AT THE VERY MOMENT KENNEDY SPOKE THE WORDS.
„On May 22, 1962, a space probe landed on Mars and confirmed the existence of AN ENVIRONMENT WHICH COULD SUPPORT LIFE (Note: Some may recall many years later when the first PUBLICIZED probe landed on the surface of Mars and began sending back pictures of a reddish-brown planet with a light blue sky. Immediately after this we were told „oops,” the blue sky was just a mistake in the programming of the camera, which began sending the „photos” back to earth in the wrong color. „Fortunately” the problem was „solved” and subsequent photographs appeared in which the sky was reddish-pink. – Branton). Not long afterward the construction of a colony on the planet Mars began in earnest. Today I believe a colony exists on Mars populated by specially selected people from different cultures and occupations taken from all over the Earth. A PUBLIC CHARADE of antagonism between the Soviet Union and the United States has been maintained over all these years IN ORDER TO FUND PROJECTS IN THE NAME OF NATIONAL DEFENSE WHEN IN FACT WE ARE THE CLOSEST ALLIES. (Note: M.J. of El Paso, TX sent a letter to ‘World Watchers International’–Fall 1989 issue, p. 18– concerning a woman he’d talked to who worked at JPL in Pasadena, CA., in 1962, as a classified ‘photo interpreter’. Her husband also worked there designing domed structures capable of resisting ‘gale- velocity winds’ for ‘colonies on the Moon, and then Mars!’ Her husband was sent on a SUPER SECRET mission. Then one day she received word that her husband had died and no further details, then her ‘Q’ clearance was pulled. When asked of his fate she said with dead seriousness: „I think he was drafted to Mars!” – Branton).
„At some point President Kennedy discovered portions of the truth concerning the drugs and aliens. He issued an ultimatum in 1963 to Majesty Twelve. President Kennedy assured them that if they did not clean up the drug problem, he would. HE INFORMED MAJORITY TWELVE THAT HE INTENDED TO REVEAL THE PRESENCE OF (THE) ALIENS TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WITHIN THE FOLLOWING YEAR, AND ORDERED A PLAN DEVELOPED TO IMPLEMENT HIS DECISION (Note: We can consider these Files and other present efforts to inform the public of the alien problem as being nothing less than a Patriotic duty to fulfill the decree as set out by this former American President – Branton).
„President Kennedy’s decision struck fear into the hearts of those in charge. His assassination was ordered by the Policy Committee and the order was carried out by agents in Dallas.

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„During the United States’ initial space exploration and the Moon landings every launch was accompanied by alien craft. ON NOVEMBER 20, 1990, LOS ANGELES TV CHANNEL 2 ANNOUNCED THAT A SEPARATE, RED, GLOWING, ROUND-SHAPED OBJECT ACCOMPANIED THE SPACE SHUTTLE ATLANTIS ON IT’S LATEST CLASSIFIED MILITARY MISSION. THAT WAS THE FIRST PUBLIC ADMISSION.
„The Moon base, Luna, was photographed by the Lunar Orbiter and filmed by the Apollo astronauts. Domes, spires, tall round structures which look like silos, huge T-shaped mining vehicles that left stitchlike tracks in the lunar surface, and extremely large as well as small alien craft appear in the official NASA photographs. It is a joint United States and Soviet base. THE SPACE PROGRAM IS A FARCE AND AN UNBELIEVABLE WASTE OF MONEY. ALTERNATIVE 3 IS A REALITY. IT IS NOT SCIENCE FICTION. „The Apollo astronauts were severely shaken by this experience, and their lives and subsequent statements reflect the depth of the revelation and the effect of the muzzle order which followed. They were ordered to remain silent or suffer the extreme penalty, death, which was termed an ‘EXPEDIENCY.’ One astronaut actually did talk to the British producers of the TV expose ‘ALTERNATIVE 003.’ It was aired on the documentary, NONFICTION program named ‘SCIENCE REPORT,’ confirming many of the allegations.
„In the book ‘ALTERNATIVE 003’ the pseudonym ‘Bob Grodin’ was used in place of the astronaut’s identity. (The real Bob Grodin is a friend of Leslie Watkins and is a part of the Kennedy assassination cover-up.) It was also stated that the astronaut ‘committed suicide’ in 1978. This cannot be validated by any source, and I believe that several so- called facts in the book are really disinformation. I firmly believe that this disinformation is a result of pressure put upon the authors and is meant to nullify the effect upon the populace of the British TV expose ‘ALTERNATIVE 003.’

„THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONSPIRACY IS IN GENEVA, SWITZERLAND. THE RULING BODY IS MADE UP OF THREE COMMITTEES CONSISTING OF THIRTEEN MEMBERS EACH, AND ALL THREE TOGETHER COMPRISE THE 39 MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE BODY KNOWN AS THE BILDERBERG GROUP. The most important and powerful of the three committees is the Policy Committee. (It is more than interesting to note that the United States had thirteen original colonies and that 39 delegates from these colonies signed the Constitution after it was written and adopted in the first Constitutional Convention. Do you believe that is coincidence?) Policy Committee meetings are held on a nuclear submarine beneath the polar icecap. A Soviet sub and an American sub join at an airlock and the meeting is convened. The secrecy is such that this was the only method which would ensure that the meetings could not be bugged (Note: or in simple terms, the „Illuminati” operating in the highest levels of the American and Russian governments have for years been cooperating together, all the while keeping up the „illusion” of two opposing upperpowers for the sake of keeping the world’s population „divided” and all the more easily controlled, and probably as a method for justifying huge expenditures for military and space development. Dr. John Coleman has documented that the former „Communist Movement” in Russia and the „Eastern Establishment” of America were from their beginnings both tied-in to the highest levels of Freemasonry – Branton).
„I can say that the book ‘ALTERNATIVE 003’ is at least 70% true from my own knowledge and the knowledge of my sources. I believe that the disinformation was an attempt to compromise the British TV expose with information that could be false, just as the ‘Eisenhower Briefing Document,’ which was released here in the United States under the contingency plan Majestic Twelve, can also be proven false.
„Since our interaction with the aliens began we have come into possession of technology beyond our wildest dreams. We currently have, and fly, atomic-powered antigravity-type craft in Nevada. Our pilots have made interplanetary voyages in these craft and have been to the Moon, Mars, and other planets. We have been lied to about the true nature of the Moon, the planets Mars and Venus, and the REAL state of technology that we possess today, at this very moment.
„There are areas on the Moon where plant life grows and even changes color with the seasons. This seasonal effect is because the Moon does not, as claimed, always present the exact same side to the Earth or the Sun. The Moon has several man-made lakes and ponds upon its surface, and clouds have been observed and filmed in its atmosphere. It possesses a gravity field – and man can walk upon its surface WITHOUT A SPACE SUIT, breathing from an oxygen bottle and undergoing decompression, the same way as any deep-sea diver!
„I have the official NASA photographs. Some of them were published in the books ‘WE DISCOVERED ALIEN BASES ON THE MOON’ by Fred Steckling and ‘SOMEONE ELSE IS ON THE MOON’. In 1969 a confrontation broke out between the Soviets and Americans at the lunar base. The Soviets attempted to take control of the base and held American scientists and personnel hostage (Note: There is evidence that the Luna Base on the Moon, the Dreamland Base in Nevada-California, and the Dulce-Archuleta Base near the four- corners are all tied-together. Other sources such as former Dulce security officer „Thomas C.” stated that another „altercation” DID in fact break out in the Dulce Base while he was there, and possibly in the Nevada Base as well about the same time, although such an altercation in the tunnels beneath the Nevada Military Complex has not been ‘confirmed’ to us. Either these two accounts–Luna and Dulce–are based on the same incident, or more than one „altercation” took place, one between Americans and Russians in Luna, and one between Humans and Saurians in the Dulce Base. From various sources we can conclude that the trilaterally-connected Luna- Archuleta-Dreamland bases are jointly occupied by Americans-Russians- and saurian grays of different types, as well as possibly „defectors” or „sell outs” from the „Nordic-Blond-or-Aryan” societies. Although Cooper claims to have seen no documentation on the alleged ‘Dulce Wars’, he did claim to have read documents telling of the altercation in the joint CIA-Alien-Russian base ‘Luna’ – Branton).
„The Soviets were suspended from the program for a period of two years. A reconciliation eventually took place and once again we began to interact.

„I cannot even begin to outline the entire financial empire controlled by the CIA, the NSA, and the Council on Foreign Relations, WHICH IN TURN CONTROL AND LAUNDER THE MONEY FROM DRUGS AND OTHER INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY PROPRIETARY VENTURES; but I can give you a beginning. THE AMOUNT OF MONEY IS BEYOND ANYTHING YOU CAN IMAGINE AND IS HIDDEN IS A VAST NETWORK OF BANKS AND HOLDING COMPANIES. You should first begin to look at the J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation, the Schroder Trust Company, Schroders Ltd. (London), Helbert Wagg Holdings Ltd., J. Henry Schroder-Wagg & Co. Ltd., Schroder Gerbruder and Company (Germany), Schroder Munchmeyer Gengst and Company, Castle Bank and its holding companies, the Asian Development Bank, and the Nugan Hand octopus of banks and holding companies.
„A contingency plan was formulated by Majesty Twelve to throw every one off the trail should they come close to the truth. The plan was known as MAJESTIC TWELVE. IT WAS IMPLEMENTED WITH THE RELEASE BY MOORE, SHANDERA, AND FRIEDMAN OF THE PURPORTED EISENHOWER BRIEFING DOCUMENT. THE DOCUMENT IS A FRAUD, BECAUSE IT IS NUMBERED 092447, A NUMBER WHICH DOES NOT EXIST AND WILL NOT EXIST FOR QUITE A LONG TIME AT THE PRESENT RATE. Truman wrote Executive orders in the 9000 range; Eisenhower’s were in the 10,000; Ford was up to the 11,000 bracket; and Reagan reached only into the 12,000s. Executive orders are numbered consecutively, no matter who occupies the White House, for reasons of continuity, record keeping, and to prevent confusion. THIS RED HERRING HAS THROWN THE ENTIRE RESEARCH COMMUNITY OFF THE TRAIL FOR SEVERAL YEARS AND HAS RESULTED IN THE WASTED EXPENDITURE OF MONEY LOOKING FOR INFORMATION WHICH DOES NOT EXIST.
„…Another plan is in force. It is the plan to prepare the public for eventual confrontation with an alien race. IT COULD ALSO INTEND TO MAKE YOU BELIEVE IN AN ALIEN RACE THAT DOES NOT EXIST. The public is being bombarded with movies, radio, advertising, and TV programs depicting almost every aspect of the „purported” true nature of the alien presence. This includes the good and bad. Look around and pay attention. SOMEONE IS PLANNING TO MAKE THEIR PRESENCE KNOWN AND THE GOVERNMENT IS PREPARING YOU FOR IT. They do not want any panic. The unprecedented number of sightings worldwide indicates that public exposure is not far off. Never in history have there been so many official acknowledgements.

„For many years the Secret Government has been importing drugs and selling them to the people, mainly the poor and minorities. Social welfare programs were put into place to create a dependent, nonworking element in our society. The government then began to remove these programs to force people into a criminal class that did not exist in the ’50s and ’60s.
„The government encouraged the manufacture and importation of military firearms for the criminals to use. This is intended to foster a feeling of insecurity, which would lead the American people to voluntarily disarm themselves by passing laws against firearms (in a „dis-armed” society, the law-abiding citizens would give up their gun rights, while the „criminals” who are conditioned to not following the laws anyways would still retain their firearms. They will be „illegal” of course, but breaking the law would be nothing new to them – Branton). Using drugs and hypnosis on mental patients in a process called Orion, the CIA inculcated the desire in these people to open fire on schoolyards and thus inflame the antigun lobby (Note: This aspect of „hypnosis” has been used in other murders-assassinations. Contrary to popular belief, a person CAN be forced to commit an act under hypnosis that they would not normally commit in waking consciousness. For instance they could be told that so-and-so was a threat to civilization, and they would, while in the trance state, ‘see’ that person as the monster the hypnotists made them out to be. There is much evidence, as contained in Sirhan Sirhan’s diary and elsewhere, that this alleged murderer of Robert Kennedy was being psychologically manipulated by a certain group through hypnosis, that Sirhan Sirhan was an incredibly vulnerable hypnosis victim, and that he had no memory after the event of firing on Robert Kennedy. Witnesses claimed that a „security guard” pulled a gun on Kennedy, and that at least 10 bullets were fired, two of which were later found embedded in a „pantry” doorframe and which could not have been fired by Sirhan Sirhan as his gun only held a maximum of eight bullets. This has been confirmed by Geraldo Rivera and several other TV „news magazines” that re-covered the Robert Kennedy assassination shortly following the intrest generated after the release of the movie „J.F.K.” – Branton). This plan is well under way, and so far is working perfectly. The middle class is begging the government to do away with the 2nd amendment.

„AUTHOR’S NOTE: I HAVE FOUND THAT THESE EVENTS HAVE INDEED HAPPENED OVER THE COUNTRY. IN EVERY INSTANCE THAT I HAVE INVESTIGATED–THE INCIDENT AT THE WOMAN’S SCHOOL IN CANADA, THE SHOPPING CENTER INCIDENT IN CANADA, THE STOCKTON, CALIFORNIA, MASSACRE, AND THE MURDER OF RABBI MEIR KAHANE–THE SHOOTERS WERE ALL EX-MENTAL PATIENTS OR WERE CURRENT MENTAL PATIENTS WHO WERE ALL ON THE DRUG PROZAC! THIS DRUG, WHEN TAKEN IN CERTAIN DOSES, INCREASES THE SEROTONIN LEVEL IN THE PATIENT, CAUSING EXTREME VIOLENCE. COUPLE THAT WITH A POSTHYPNOTIC SUGGESTION OR CONTROL THROUGH AN ELECTRONIC BRAIN IMPLANT OR MICROWAVE OR E.L.F. INTRUSION AND YOU GET A MASS MURDER, ENDING IN EVERY CASE WITH THE SUICIDE OF THE PERPETRATOR. EXHUME THE BODIES OF THE MURDERERS AND CHECK FOR A BRAIN IMPLANT. I THINK YOU ARE GOING TO BE SURPRISED. IN EVERY CASE THE NAME OF THE MURDERER’S DOCTOR OR MENTAL TREATMENT FACILITY HAS BEEN WITHHELD. I BELIEVE WE WILL BE ABLE TO ESTABLISH INTELLIGENCE-COMMUNITY CONNECTIONS AND/OR CONNECTIONS TO KNOWN CIA EXPERIMENTAL MIND-CONTROL PROGRAMS WHEN WE FINALLY DISCOVER WHO THESE DOCTORS OF DEATH REALLY ARE.
„Due to the wave of crime sweeping the nation, the media will convince the American people that a state of anarchy exists within the major cities. They are now building their case almost nightly on TV and daily in the newspapers. WHEN PUBLIC OPINION HAS BEEN WON TO THIS IDEA, THEY INTEND TO STATE THAT A TERRORIST GROUP ARMED WITH A NUCLEAR WEAPON HAS ENTERED THE UNITED STATES AND THAT THEY PLAN TO DETONATE THIS DEVICE IN ONE OF OUR CITIES. (THIS IS NOW BEING SET UP BY THE CRISIS IN THE MIDDLE EAST.) THE GOVERNMENT WILL THEN SUSPEND THE CONSTITUTION AND DECLARE MARTIAL LAW. THE SECRET ALIEN ARMY OF IMPLANTED HUMANS AND ALL DISSIDENTS, WHICH TRANSLATES INTO ANYONE THEY CHOOSE, WILL BE ROUNDED UP AND PLACED IN THE ONE-MILE-SQUARE CONCENTRATION CAMPS WHICH ALREADY EXIST. Are the people whom they intend to place in these concentration camps destined to make up the reported ‘batch consignments’ of slave labor needed by the space colonies?
„The media–radio, TV, newspapers, AND COMPUTER NETWORKS– will be nationalized and seized. ANYONE WHO RESISTS WILL BE TAKEN OR KILLED. THIS ENTIRE OPERATION WAS REHEARSED BY THE GOVERNMENT AND MILITARY IN 1984 UNDER THE CODE NAME REX-84A AND IT WENT OFF WITHOUT A HITCH. When these events have transpired, the SECRET GOVERNMENT and/or ALIEN takeover will be complete. YOUR FREEDOM WILL NEVER BE RETURNED AND YOU WILL LIVE IN SLAVERY THE REMAINDER OF YOUR LIFE. You had better wake up and you had better do it now!
„PHILIP KLASS IS AN AGENT OF THE CIA. THIS WAS STATED IN THE DOCUMENTS I SAW BETWEEN 1970 AND 1973. ONE OF HIS JOBS AS AN AVIATION EXPERT WAS TO DEBUNK EVERYTHING TO DO WITH UFOS. All military commanders were instructed to call him to gain information on how to debunk and/or explain UFO contacts and/or sightings to the public and/or the press if and when the need arose. Some people seem to love Klass. They encourage him and heap large doses of attention upon him. He is invited to speak at UFO events and is quoted in papers, books, and newspapers as being the expert on ‘what really happened.’
„Philip Klass is not operating in our best intrest. His debunking and explanations of UFO sightings are so full of holes that a six-year-old child should be able to discern his true purpose. I have seen poor misled people actually ask Klass for his autograph, an act similar in magnitude to Elliot Ness asking Al Capone for His autograph. I have found that in many instances the secret elect are absolutely right when they state that ‘people who will not use their intelligence are no better than animals who do not have intelligence. Such people are beasts of burden and steaks on the table by choice and consent.’ (Quote from: „Silent Weapons of Quite Wars”, which is according to Cooper the Illuminati’s declaration of War upon the people of America, as it was formulated by the Policy Committee of the Bilderberg Group during its first known meeting in 1954. The document, dated May 1979, was found on July 7, 1986, in an IBM copier that had been purchased at a surplus sale. Copies of this manual, designated ‘TM-SW7905.1’ by it’s writers, can be obtained from the William Cooper Foundation., P.O. Box 3299., Camp Verde, CA 86322 – Branton). We get exactly what we deserve in most instances.

„William Moore, Jaime Shandera, and Stanton Friedman are witting (with full knowledge, understanding, and consent) agents of the Secret Government. William Moore’s reported use of a Defense Investigative Service ID card and his reported self- confession to Lee Graham that he is an agent of the government confirmed it. (Lee Graham phoned me at my home, and when asked, confirmed that MOORE HAD INDEED SHOWN HIM A DEFENSE INVESTIGATIVE SERVICE ID.) Moore’s later confession proved it without any doubt.

„AUTHOR’S NOTE: ON JULY 1, 1989, THE NIGHT BEFORE I PRESENTED THIS PAPER TO THE ‘MUFON’ SYMPOSIUM IN LAS VEGAS, WILLIAM MOORE ADMITTED THAT HE WAS A GOVERNMENT AGENT, THAT HE HAD RELEASED DISINFORMATION TO RESEARCHERS, THAT HE HAD FALSIFIED DOCUMENTS, THAT HE HAD SPIED UPON RESEARCHERS AND REPORTED INFORMATION CONCERNING THOSE RESEARCHERS TO THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY, THAT HE HAD HELPED IN A COUNTERINTLLIGENCE OPERATION AGAINST PAUL BENNEWITZ THAT RESULTED IN MR. BENNEWITZ’S COMMITMENT TO A MENTAL INSTITUTION, AND THAT HE HAD DONE ALL THIS WITH FULL KNOWLEDGE OF WHAT HE WAS DOING. HE IS EITHER A TRAITOR OR A STONE-HEARTED MANIPULATOR AT BEST.”Some of the self-appointed ‘ufologists’ still look up to Moore, and still cite his research in their correspondence, papers, and books. This reflects a degree of ignorance and stupidity in the UFO community. Bruce Maccabee wrote a letter to CAVEAT EMPTOR citing articles from William Moore’s publication, FOCUS, as proof that I am discredited. Dream on. it is no mystery to me why mainstream America calls ufologists whackos, loonies, and nuts. In some cases they are.
„In documents that I read between 1970 and 1973, the names of individuals were listed who had been targeted for recruitment. These documents stated that these people were to be coerced, using patriotism as a motivating force whenever possible. If necessary, financial assistance would be provided through employment with a proprietary front company or through grants (Note: This does not mean that all of these actually WERE recruited, at least let us hope that was the case. Nor does it mean that all who were „recruited” have been told the whole truth. Secret Societies, the CIA included, often use deception to manipulate the „lower” hierarchies into carrying out particular actions which the inner core wish to implement.
There is usually only a very small group of „inner elite” who know the whole story. The „pawns” would most likely not offer their services if they knew where their actions were taking them and their country. For instance a CIA „asset” serving the „Company” for „patriotic” reasons may in essence be digging their own grave, in reality selling out the country they are trying to defend, selling out themselves, their descendants, and so on to an agenda they don’t know anything about – Branton).

Cooper continues, „This is, coincidentally, the method by which Friedman got his $16,000 from another agent, Bruce Maccabee. We have also found that Moore has received money for research from at least two CIA front companies. This has been confirmed by the research of Grant Cameron. Others named on the list were cited as active intelligence agency assets. When I first presented this paper I gave only a partial list of those named on the Naval Intelligence documents. Following are as many names as I can remember. (There may be more, but these are all I can recall at this time.)… (Note: Some of these are apparently CIA AGENTS, while others are CIA ASSETS. An agent would know what’s going on while an „asset” may not – but may be „strung along” and manipulated without fully realizing it – Branton).
„Stanton Friedman, CIA; John Lear, CIA (Lear’s father was named as having participated in antigravity research); William Moore; John Keel (was he used to trump up the existing through not-all-inclusive PARAPHYSIAL aspect of UFO’s to the exclusion of the physical aspects? – Branton); Charles Berlitz; Bruce Maccabee, ONI (Office of Naval Intelligence); Linda Moulton Howe; Philip Klass, CIA; James Moseley, CIA (Moseley’s father was discussed in a very complimentary manner); Virgil Armstrong, CIA (listed as Postlethwaite); Wendelle Stevens, CIA; Dr. J. Allen Hynek, CIA.
„That is the list as I remember it. There may have been others, but I cannot recall. I know of other agents who were not on the list. You must remember that when I first wrote this paper I thought that Bruce Maccabee might not have been recruited, but then later he proved me wrong when he gave Stanton Friedman $16,000 to investigate himself.
„There was a two-word code that these people were to use to identify each other. The first word was a color and the second was a bird. The code was ‘Gold Eagle.’ When Stanton Friedman first contacted me he used the code. I pretended ignorance but he asked me several times if I had ever seen or heard of Gold Eagle. John Lear also asked me if I had ever heard of Gold Eagle. He too was testing me. They knew that I had access to correct information and were attempting to determine if I were one of them. As George Bush would say, ‘Read my lips.’ I was never one of you. I will NEVER be one of you.

„When I talked to Stan Deyo in Australia by phone, he told me the code given to him was ‘Blue Falcon.’ Stan was a victim of mind-control experimentation while a cadet at the Air Force Academy. He and over 80 other cadet mind-control subjects resigned from the academy in protest. He has been on crusade to discover the truth ever since. Stan has written two excellent books, ‘THE COSMIC CONSPIRACY,’ and ‘THE VINDICATOR SCROLLS.’ I recommend you read them both.
„I THINK THAT LINDA MOULTON HOWE MAY BE INNOCENT OF WITTING INVOLVEMENT. Linda in particular seems to have exercised extreme care in what she has presented to the public. Her research is excellent. I was impressed when she confided to me that Sgt. Richard Doty of the Counterintelligence Division of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations had taken her into the Intelligence office at Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico AND SHOWED HER THE EXACT SAME DOCUMENTS THAT I HAD SEEN WHILE IN THE NAVY. SHE EVEN SAW THE SAME INFORMATION ON THE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION NAMING GREER AS THE ASSASSIN. Ms. Howe is the only person in the world outside the intelligence community who knows the truth as I know it regarding Operation MAJORITY. She has exercised good judgement and great restraint in NOT revealing the contents of those documents to the public. It is for this reason that I believe that an attempt has been made to use her. Fortunately, Linda did not fall off a turnip truck and she didn’t play the game. I recommend you read her book entitled ‘ALIEN HARVEST’. You should be able to order it from any good bookstore.
„I have discovered that Whitley Strieber is a CIA asset, as is Budd Hopkins. Strieber’s book ‘MAJESTIC’ has convicted him with those of us IN THE KNOW. It is the true story of the Roswell crash taken from the confiscated diaries of James Forrestal. That is, assuming that the documents that I saw in the Navy were not a hoax. I do not believe that they were. The names of people and names of projects and operations have been changed in Strieber’s book, but other than that the information and documentation is true. The autopsy reports are exactly the same that I saw in Project GRUDGE 18 years ago.
„I have recently come into possession of an affidavit that is signed, notarized, and sworn under penalty of perjury from an M.D. in New York stating that the M.D. was recruited by a CIA agent named Budd Hopkins (ie. author of the book, and later the Television dramatization „INTRUDERS” – Branton) to help work with abductees for the CIA… I knew that Hopkins was not right when I met him in Modesto. He could not look me in the eyes, and anyone who cannot look me in the eyes is not right. He spent the whole time, including his speech, TRYING TO CONVINCE PEOPLE OF THE INNOCENCE OF THE ABDUCTEE EXPERIENCE AND THE ABSENCE OF THE ALIENS’ MALEVOLENCE, WHICH WAS A TOTAL CROCK. It was an insult to anyone who had investigated abductees (Note: This may tie-in with the fact that many „bases” are JOINTLY occupied by saurian- grays and implanted-controlled CIA personnel. in other words, the „Intruders” have apparently infiltrated the CIA to some extent through implantation, etc. and are using the CIA to paint a „benevolent” picture of the „aliens”, even if they have to use MALEVOLENT means to do it – Branton).

„I know that all of the major UFO research organizations were targeted for infiltration and control by the Secret Government, just as NICAP was infiltrated and controlled. In fact, NICAP was eventually destroyed from within. I know that these efforts have been successful.
„MUFON is a great example. Hundreds of members all over the world conduct investigations and send in physical evidence to MUFON headquarters, where it quickly disappears. Everyone screams for physical evidence as proof. Recently samples were collected of a liquid that had dripped from a saucer onto a schoolyard in Gulf Breeze, Florida. The samples were sent to MUFON, WHERE THEY IMMEDIATELY VANISHED. Walt Andrus has stated that it was an accident. BALONEY! THIS IS NOT THE FIRST TIME ‘MUFON’ HAS ‘LOST’ EVIDENCE. I CONSIDER ‘MUFON’ THE GREAT BLACK HOLE OF THE UFO COMMUNITY. THE CONTROL OF INFORMATION IS SO TIGHT THAT NOTHING ESCAPES. Anyone who tells it like it really is, is debunked and barred from symposiums. The members are told what to believe and what not to believe. The members of the MUFON board of directors and the members of the advisory board of consultants are for the most part supported by the Government in the form of salaries, grants, or retirement checks. Who can believe that this does not constitute a conflict of intrest? WHO CAN INVESTIGATE AND EXPOSE THE HAND THAT FEEDS THEM? (Note: „Feeds” them, that is, with OUR tax dollars. The „government” which we refer to here is not so much the „elected constitutional” government which is NECESSARY for the stability of this nation and who are sworn to defend the constitution; but the NON-ELECTED self-styled „secret” government elite who make up their own rules – Branton)
„How can you possibly believe the ‘Government’ could not control the people to whom it funnels money? MONEY IS THE BASIC METHOD OF CONTROL (As the Bible says: „The LOVE of money is the root of ALL EVIL!” – Branton)
„The major UFO publications are without any doubt controlled by the CIA. Vicki Cooper (no relation), the editor and publisher of ‘UFO’, has been telling friends and relatives for the last two years that the ‘CIA’ is pushing her magazine. Ron Regehr and Lee Graham remember the summer of 1988 when Vicki interviewed them at Mr. Graham’s residence in Huntington Beach. After the interview was over Vicki Cooper walked to her car, turned, and mysteriously yelled, ‘You know, my magazine might be financed by the CIA.’
„I have talked to friends and acquaintances of Ms. Cooper who swear that she has stated on many occasions that ‘the CIA controls UFO magazine.’ Vicki Cooper’s uncle, Grant Cooper, WAS SIRHAN SIRHAN’S DEFENSE ATTORNEY, WHO MADE NO ATTEMPT TO DEFEND HIS CLIENT. It was important to the Secret Government and the CIA that Sirhan be pinned as a ‘lone assassin.’ GRANT COOPER HAS EXTENSIVE TIES TO THE CIA AND THE JOHNNY ROSSELLI MOB.
„We have found that Vicki’s son attends the West Point Military Academy. What a wonderful way to control a magazine! ‘You don’t play ball, your son won’t graduate.’ I found out that the person who found Vicki Cooper an apartment when she arrived in Los Angeles was Barry Taff, A LONG-TIME EMPLOYEE OF THE INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES (YES, PLURAL) AND A LONG-TIME PROTEGE OF DR. JOHN LILLY AND DR. J. WEST, THE GOVERNMENT’S PREMIERE EXPERTS IN MIND CONTROL. THESE MEN HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN THE MOST TERRIFYING EXPERIMENTATION EVER DIRECTED AT TOTAL CONTROL OF INDIVIDUALS. I believe that it is no innocent coincidence that Taff’s apartment is directly above Vicki’s. All of this was confirmed independently in a letter written by Mr. Martin Cannon, a Los Angeles-based researcher…
„The most damning evidence for the control of ‘UFO’ magazine and Vicki Cooper comes from Don Ecker. At the 1989 MUFON Conference Don Ecker became so uninhibited that he managed to relate the following story to me and two others.
„According to Don Ecker, Vicki Cooper used to work for the infamous Mayflower Madam. The Feds were trying to get the Madam and discovered Vicki. Ms. Cooper was busted and threatened with spending the rest of her life in prison if she did not cooperate. Vicki rolled over, according to Ecker, and ratted on her employer. Since Vicki had apparently had something to do with the bookkeeping operation, she became a key witness. The Mayflower Madame was put out of business and into jail, thanks to Ms. Cooper’s testimony. That is, if Don Ecker was telling the truth. We have no reason to believe that he was lying. I don’t know why Don told us. Maybe he doesn’t like Vicki. Or maybe he, like Lear and Friedman, thought I was one of THEM (It’ll be a cold day in hell).
„According to Ecker, Vicki Cooper was told to get out of town and stay out. She was given money and told to start ‘UFO’ magazine in Los Angeles. SHE WAS TOLD THAT SHE WAS TO PRINT INFORMATION THAT WOULD BE FED HER. SURE ENOUGH, YOU READ IN ‘UFO’ PURPORTED LEAKED GOVERNMENT INFORMATION, ALWAYS WRITTEN BY SOMEONE WHO CANNOT BE CONTACTED. It is always under an alias; no one can check the information. Vicki is adamant about printing only the news and information that she considers best for the readers, as if they have no mind of their own. She indulges in character assassination… (Note: As we can see here, Vicki, like so many others who have been influenced through fear and intimidation into working for the CIA’s secret agendas, is not entirely to blame for her involvement in UFO mis-information. The blame must be put on the policy makers within the CIA itself, supposing that the policy makers are human, which might not ‘ultimately’ be the case – Branton).
„You must understand that the government is not ever going to allow any person or group of persons to uncover the most highly classified secret in the world–if they can help it. They will always have agents controlling UFO groups, publications and information. If aliens are not real and the whole thing turns out to be the greatest hoax ever perpetrated, JUST WHO DO YOU THINK DID THE PERPETRATING?

In relation to some of the information which appears above, William Cooper released the following letter from a Martin Cannon of Canoga Park, California. The individuals name to whom the letter was addressed is not given:
„Dear (Name Deleted);”Thanks for your recent letter.GS> regarding Vicki Cooper
„About Vicki – well, thereby hangs a tale, one which has caused me no small amount of personal hurt and sorrow and bewilderment. I’ve inflicted my anger on everyone I know – and you’ll be no exception, alas; I apologize beforehand for the torrent of spew to come…
„Her uncle is Grant Cooper, the attorney for Sirhan Sirhan – – and for the Johnny Roselli mob, which was intricately connected to the CIA. I am sending you photocopies of the relevant pages from Donald Scheim’s book, ‘CONTRACT ON AMERICA.’ Theodore Charach’s film, ‘THE SECOND GUN’ (released on MCI home video as ‘THE PLOT TO KILL ROBERT F. KENNEDY’) contains interviews in which Sirhan’s mother curses out her son’s attorneys. As you know, they willfully disregarded testimony which could have helped Sirhan’s case. Morrow’s ‘THE SENATOR MUST DIE’ also has useful information. Grant Cooper is as corrupt as they come, in my opinion: While defending Roselli’s men, he literally got hold of the prosecution’s list of potential witnesses. (Gee – now why would the mob want a thing like THAT?). Actually, it’s a bit of a hassle to get the xeroxes made right now – But this summary should do.
„As you can guess, the fact that Vicki has an uncle like this – and a friend like Barry Taff – made me nervous. My (UNREADABLE-FADED) was not quelled by Vicki’s frequent (UNREADABLE) about the CIA somehow ‘pushing’ her magazine.
„Still, I felt I could trust her because she seemed so gung- ho when it came to exposing intelligence agency abuses. She was attending ARDIS lectures, familiarizing herself with the Christie case, reading Prouty, talking to Landis and Stockwell and John Judge – all very impressive.
„But then she changed. Whereas we exchanged information almost daily, suddenly she grew more distant – and when we did talk, an odd anti- soviet hysteria entered her dialogue. For example, she suggested (employing a truly unique quasi-logic) that the key to my UFO hypothesis might have to do with the ‘massive’ Soviet infiltration of the media; apparently, the abductions are some sort of dirty red propaganda ploy.
„Her tone baffled me – until I met her new boyfriend, one Don Ecker, ex-Green Beret and foreign-policy ‘fascist’ (Vicki’s description – although later she rather annoyingly pinned the words on me). Ecker and I had a genuinely nauseating conversation. He drunkenly interrupted an important discussion I was having with Richard Neal to inform us all of a project SPETSNATZ (the name rings a bell, but I can’t place it exactly) which, in his fantasies, involves a Soviet invasion via the north. He insisted that the odious Reds had already skulked across Alaska and were working their way through Canada! (I’m considering placing a call to Gnome information and ask if they’ve seen any rampaging bolsheviks lately.) He also laughed at my assertion that Secord and North were involved with the Iran-hostage rescue mission. ‘Look’s like you haven’t done your research, buddy!’ – he said, before launching into the Soldier- of-Fortune version of the event. (Gee, I guess COVERT ACTION, THE NATION, THE MIAMI HERALD, and MOTHER JONES all got the story wrong.) He went on to praise covert war… He also produced a card – picturesquely stained with human blood – bearing cutely rewritten Miranda rights: ‘You have the right to have your head bashed in,’ etc.
„I tell you all this not just because the encounter still smarts, but to give you some notion of the extreme rightist drisel he’s no doubt been feeding Vicki. When he upheld the policy of electrically torturing VC prisoners during the war, I flew into a volcanic rage, and spurted out that anyone who did that DESERVED to be called a baby- burner when he returned to the states. Later, when he relayed my statement to Vicki, he twisted my words to make it seem that I called him a baby-burner personally.
„You have to understand my position – I once had dinner with a political refugee from Chile, who told me (and this was the sort of monologue that can induce a frightful insomnia in its listeners) of how he had undergone just this sort of electric shock torture – and how the Special Forces played a large part in placing Pinochet in power. So to see this smirking spook Ecker LAUGHING at the idea of ‘gooks’ being ‘wired up’…well, I gained a new insight into the depths of the human mind that night.
„But the worst part was the fact that I could no longer have anything to do with Vicki. I know this decision seems low and foolish – cutting off a friendship because I’m appalled at her choice of romantic leads. Honest, I wanted her to be happy – I could sense, previously, that she was a lonely woman, and when she first told me about this fellow, I encouraged her to see him, despite her initial qualms. (Indeed, I might be said to have helped bring them together – this was before I learned what she was, mind you…) But above all, I wanted Vicki to stay Vicki.
„Now I feel betrayed. Vicki and I had, after all, worked quite closely together – and we were going after the spooks. For that sort of project, you need partners of like mind when it comes to matters political. Then she hops into bed with (for all intents and purposes) the CIA itself! (You know about Special Forces connections with the Company, the Nazis, Laotian drug smuggling, Jonestown, etc.) Suddenly, Vicki changed from… ARDIS attendee to an interested guest at the official ex-spook organization. Suddenly, she calls me a fanatic. (She also calls her boyfriend a fascist – apparently, fascism isn’t fanaticism.)
„Because she presented such an unprecedented case of elasticity, I wondered if SHE was a spook. To tell the truth, for a week or three, I was certain of it. My disposition wasn’t helped when I learned she was talking behind my back to an abductee – (CENSORED) – with whom I’ve worked closely; Vicki told (CENSORED) that I was a KGB agent and should be avoided! Obviously, by this stage, the accusations and counter accusations reach a level of absurdity. At least MY accusations, however fueled by suspicion and hurt feelings, come weighted with some evidence, and are directed toward the accused. Vicki, by comparison, has constantly spread catty ‘agent’ rumors, unconfirmed by any data, behind the backs of every major figure on the UFO scene. You included. (As one can see, one of the major ways in which the alien-CIA controllers silence the opposition is to bring division and discord among the researchers who are investigating THEM – Branton)
„So tell me, now that you know all the sordid details – what am I to think? Was she spying on me all along? Or should I chalk this whole incident up to a painful lesson in the vagaries of human relations? The whole matter is infinitely confusing, but I know one thing – I lost a friend, and it stung…”

 

Articolul este preluat integral si este in forma lui originala, fara modificari de continut

Nota editorului, 28 August, 1995

Acest text a fost scos la iveala de John R.H. Penner dintr-o carte gasita intr-un anticariat,

pentru doar 2,50 Dollars. Singura modalitate de identificare este numele cumparatorului initial,

Arthura Daine (?), datata 29 Aprilie, 1978.

Cartea pare sa fie considerabil mai batrana, scrisa cu ajutorul unei masini de scris, si apoi fofocopiata si apoi capsata. Alta particularitate a cartii este ca are patru fotografii originale fotocopiate ale lui Tesla, si ca originalul continea 40 de pagini.

Trebuie sa-mi cer scuze pentru calitatea scanarilor, dar originalele erau de o calitate foarte scazuta , si asta este tot ce am putut sa obtin dupa prelucrare.

Cartea nu are nici o forma identificabila de Copyright, sau orice mijloace de a identifica si contacata autorii sau cei care au publicat-o. Din cate mi-am dat seama aceasta autobiorgafie nu mai este disponibila nicaieri in forma tiparita. Urmarind interesul de a face acest tex important, disponibil publicului larg, am rescris intregul text cuvant cu cuvant asa cum apare in aceasta versiune in format electronic. Singurele cuvinte care apar in aceasta lucrare si nu erau in textul original, sunt aceasta nota a editorului , si introducerea. Am mentinut numarul paginilor exact asa cum apar in original – inclus fiind si ciudatenia prin care Capitolul I incepe de la pagina doi. Daca cineva stie cum poate fi contactat editura initiala, va rog sa ma contactati la adresa de mai jos, astfel creditu sa ajunga acolo unde ar trebui:

John Roland Hans Penner

464 Scott Street

St. Catharines, Ontario

L2M 3W7, Canada

Phone: 905.646.3551

eMail: J.Penner@GEnie.GEIS.com

Acest fisier poate fi distribuit liber, atat timp cat continutul lui nu a fost modificat, in ori ce fel. Nu poate fi vandut, sau publicat pentru profit, decat daca obtineti un drept de publicare pentru profit de la Kolmogorov- Smirnov Publishing, or John R.H. Penner.

Daca nu sunt facute alte specificatii aceasta lucrare este sub Copyright ©1995 by John R.H. Penner.

 

 

Introducere

 

Nikola Tesla s-a nascut in Croatia ( atunci parte din Austo-Ungaria ) la data de 9 Iulie 1856, si a murit la data de 7 Ianuarie 1943. A fost Inginerul electrician care a invantat curentul alternativ, motorul electric cu inductie electromagnetica, to el a fost omul care a facut posibila transmisia energie electrice la sacara industriala, asa cum o vedem astazi. Tesla si-a inceput studiile in domeniile fizicii si matematicii la Politehnica Graz, apoi a urmat filosofia la universitatea din Praga.

A lucrat ca Inginer Electrician in Budapesta Ungaria, si apou in Franta si Germania. In 1888 descoperirea sa, „campul magnetic poate fi folosit pentru a roti doua bobine aflate in unghi drept , daca sunt alimentate cu curent alternativ defazat cu 90 de grade, a facut posibil inventarea motorului cu inductie de curent alternativ,.Marele avantaj era ca acest tip de motor era fara perii, lucru care la vremea respectiva se credea a fi imposibil.

Tesla s-a mutat in Statele Uite in 1884, unde a lucrat pentru Thomas Edison, care i-a devenit repede rival – Edison care era avocatul curentului continuu si a sistemului inferior de transmisie al cestuia. In tot acest timp Tesla a fost comisionat designul generatoarelor de curent instalate la Cascada Niagara. George Westinghouse a cumparat patentele pentru motorul cu inductie al lui Tesla, si lea folosit ca baza pentru sistemele generatoare de curent Westinghouse, care stau inca la baza generatoarelor de curent folosite si astazi.

El a facut cercetari in domeniul curentilor electrici de inalta tensiune si a comunicatiilor fara fir (wireless); La un moment dat a produs un cutremur ce a zguduit pamantul pe o raza de cateva mile in jurul laboratorului sau din New York. Tot el a conceput un sistem care a anticipat comunicatiile fara fir la nivel mondial, masinile fax, radarul, rachete, avioane si vehicole ghidate radio, dar nu in ultimul rand el a inventat tubul cu descarcare in gaze inerte, cunoscut noua ca Neon, si chiar mai mult el a fost primul om care a descoperit ca din spatiul cosmic primim o multitudeine de semnale radio, deci tot Nikola Tesla a fost parintele radio telescopului cu toate implicatiile sale.

 

Nickola Tesla este cu adevarat Profetul Necunoscut al Epocii Electricitatii !

Fara de care Radioul, autoaprinderea,telefonul, generatoarele de curent alternativ, televiziunea, Radiotelescopul, Tuburile economice Cu gaze inerte (Ne,Ar,Kr,Xe) ar fi fost imposibile, si totusi viata si creditul pentru lucrarile sale, mare parte din patentele sale au fost restrictionate si au disparut in uitare, timp in care, altii au publicat patente si s-au auto intitulat descoperitori ai unor lucruri pe care le descoperise Omul de geniuNikola Tesla deja.

Aceasta biografie este scrisa pentru a umple „Gaura Neagra” din spatiul informational.

©Kolmogorov- Smirnov Publishing.

Traducerea si adaptarea textului pentru limba romana  ©Cezar Boros

Traducerea cartii este inca in lucru, acesta este doar un extras, voi face public textul integral dupa finalizarea traducerii, care poate sa mai dureze ceva timp, aceasta fiind o activitate benevola, din pasiune, respect pentru cel care a fost Nicola Tesla, si care nu-mi aduce nici un venit.

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Ion Goldariu

Near Costesti-Cetatuie, on a 250 meters high knoll, lies the fortress from Costesti-Blidaru. The rectangular plan, the bulwarks placed at the corners, the entrance – placed in a bulwark – and an inhabitable tower, they all point out the same Hellenistic influence, despite the fact that the technique of building the fortress’ walls do not completely conform to that influence. Due to this deviation from the rule they built, made of shaped stone, without those blocks that were placed perpendicularly on the direction of the wall. During a second phase, the defence work was enlarged – its area being doubled -, behind the northern and the western walls of the precincts, shaped stone walls being, alternating with unshaped stone walls tied with earth. They represented provision storehouses, their floors being used as combat platforms. During the same period, a little lower than the defence work, a tank was built, strictly following Vitruvius’ principles. The Greek letters that were on the walls of the inhabitable tower, as well as on the southern wall, represent signs of quarry marking. The supervision of the ways of access was provided from the height of those 14 towers. Not far from the defence work there were two sanctuaries. West of Blidaru […] there is the fortress from Luncani – Piatra Rosie. First, the precincts walls were simultaneously built on an arranged plateau. They were provided with five bulwarks – four at the corners and one on the tract of the western wall -. During this same phase, two big constructions and a sanctuary were also built, the large building from the precincts, too, – which we call ”barrack” – and three isolated towers. During a subsequent phase, two of them have been linked, at the basis of the plateau, by unshaped stone walls, tied with earth. The access inside the fortress – through a bulwark -, the monumental stone stair and the rectangular plan of the ensemble are of Hellenistic inspiration, while the unshaped stone walls reveal the Dacian technique, inspired by the Hellenistic one. Having in view the fact that the defence works from Varful lui Hulpe were not deliberately, archaeologically studied, the last explored fortress was that of Sarmizegetusa. Watchtowers supervised the ancient road, 20 km. long, from Costesti-Blidaru to this place, […]. The capital city of the Dacian kingdom, Sarmizegetusa, stretched over an area of 6 km., the constructions being placed on terraces, some of which are sustained by walls, 14 meters high. During the ancient age, the town was made of three different areas: two civilian districts and, between them, the defence work and the sacred zone; the whole ensemble was provided with water pipes, sewers, paved roads, stairs etc.
The defence works surround a 1,000 meters high knoll and they consist of a ground elevation that blocks the access way. The elevation is overlapped by a stockade in the southern side, while the precincts wall is built with Dacian technique of Hellenistic inspiration. Partly destroyed in106 […], the fortress was enlarged and rebuilt by the conquerors […]. The sacred zone is situated East of the defence work. Ten rectangular sanctuaries as well as a big stone altar, were discovered, all of them made completely or mostly of limestone or andesite. The rectangular sanctuaries are limited, to the outside, by a row of stone pillars, while to the inside, massive wooden or stone columns were raised. […]
For achieving all these constructions, there is no doubt that the effort was out of common, because this area lacks in stone for building. […]
Except for its sanctuaries, the micro-area from Sarmizegetusa certifies an unwonted resembling of native (Dacian) traditional elements and Hellenistic influences […]. At the same time, by their number and proportions as well as by their placing and way of building, the constructions from Sarmizegetusa represent the most important ancient European architectural achievements outside the Greco-Roman world; they do not have any correspondent from the same era, on the ”barbarian” areas of the continent.

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Over a period of more than 150 years (the 1st. century BC – the 1st. century AD) Dacia disposed of a genuine defense system, containing more than 90 defense works, of various types: fortified settlements, fortresses and earth works. As for the defense works of pre-Roman Dacia, those from the southwestern area of the nowadays Transylvania represent a particular group. Built in the southern side of the middle basin of the Mures river – in that part of the Meridional Carpathians that form the Sureanu Massif – they permitted a continuous control of the ways of access to the capital city of the Dacian kingdom, Sarmizegetusa. […] In this area of the capital city of the Dacian kingdom, the vestiges of the Dacian dwelling make up a unique ensemble, in which the elements of the autohtonic civilisation mould extremely well with those that have been borrowed from the Greco-Roman classical world.The archaeological excavations effectuated at Sarmizegetusa – which is situated on the western side of the Sureanu Mountain – revealed rural Dacian dwellings in the vicinity of the quasi-urban ones, proving a preoccupation for the urban and the territorial arrangement, as well as the existence of some economical functioning that belong to the similar centres (Fetele Albe, Ceata, Sarmizegetusa – Grãdiºtea de Munte); on this occasion there were discovered defence works proper that had been set on fire by the Romans, on the occasion of their victory, obtained by Trajan in 106, which thus concluded the second military campaign against the Dacian King, Decebalus. The defence works proper can be divided into three categories: fortresses that were built in the proximity of the civilian centres (Costesti-Cetatuie, Vârful lui Hulpe and Sarmizegetusa – the latter two on the area of the present – day locality of Gradistea de Munte) fortresses that do not have civilian centres around them – they have been built strictly from military reasons (Costesti – Blidaru, Luncani – Piatra Rosie) and the imposing defence wall from Cioclovina-Ponorici. This one is built of wood and unshaped stones; it is more than 2,5 km. long and it has immense bulwarks of 40 to 80 meters in diameter, as well as oblique and perpendicular walls which are to the main wall and have the role of braking up the enemy’s front of attack. The whole wall reveals the traditional Dacian technique, but the bulwarks and the perpendicular walls betray elements that have been borrowed from the Hellenistic world.

In the case of the fortresses, the plans are either traditional (but adapted as much as possible to the configuration of the land, without significant adjustments), or Hellenistic architecture. The category of the fortresses with traditional plans include the defense works made of wood and earth, at Costesti-Cetatuie, as well as those of earth, wood and stone, at Sarmizegetusa. The fortresses with plans inspired by the Hellenistic architecture include the defense works from Costesti-Blidaru and Luncani-Piatra Rosie. The same observation can be made for the defense works, as well: walls of stone shaped in Hellenistic manner (at Costesti-Cetatuie and, partly, at Costesti-Blidaru) and walls of shaped stone, inspired by the Hellenistic technique (partly, at Costesti-Blidaru and at Luncani – Piatra Rosie and Sarmizegetusa). All together, these defence works constitute a defensive system for Sarmizegetusa, but taken separately, each of them represent, through their specific features, a well configured entity. There is, however, a generally valid characteristic: the fortresses can not resist to prolonged sieges due to the fact that the permanent source of water is lower than the height of the defence work […]. The oldest defence work is that of Costesti-Cetatuie, and it was built on the brink of the 2nd century AD when, on a 150 meters high knoll, two ground elevations with a multiple stockade on their tops, were arranged. […] It is probable that, around the year 55 BC, after the conquest of the Greek fortresses from the western shore of the Black Sea, by the Dacian King Burebista, the native craftsmen and the builders contributed to the raising of the wall (4 meters thick), of shaped stone, on an angular tract. It was provided with three bulwarks – excepting the one that was situated in the precincts, on one of the ground elevations, as well as other three bulwarks from outside the defence work, situated on the way of access, as well as two other inhabitable towers. All these elements of defence are built with Hellenistic walls, with filling of the emplecton type (earth and river stones, placed between two walls of shaped stone). The way they look and other elements as well, lead us to the idea of the contribution of the Greek craftsmen: it is the case of the inhabitable towers (their first levels are built of walls of the same type, while the storeys are made of slightly burned bricks), the case of the monumental stone stairs, near the western inhabitable tower; it is also the case of the on a segment of the precincts wall. Inside the fortress there is also a watch tower, a tank for rain water, huts for soldiers and a rectangular sanctuary with wooden pillars and shaped stones pedestals; other three rectangular sanctuaries, which were built with the same technique, are outside the walls. At the base of the knoll (under the present-day locality) there stretched the big civilian settlement.

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Dacia

Posted: 30 Aprilie 2011 in Dacia, Istorie, Uncategorized, Zamolxis
Etichete:, ,


Damita Hiemstra

Sources for the Roman occupation in Dacia abound in historical documents as well as archaeological finds. The best known find is Trajan’s column in Rome, on which the Roman defeat of Dacia is portrayed in seven scenes. Some images also depict Dacian peoples who had fled during the war returning to traditional methods of herding sheep. This legacy of shepherding is documented in several sanctuaries referring to shepherding in the form of stone cylindrical monuments.
Another excellent source about the Roman occupation of this province is the inscription commemorating the founding of the Roman capital, Sarmizegetusa (now Hunedoara, Romania).
Other archaeological evidence comes from excavations of Sarmizegetusa where scholars discovered coinage made under Trajan’s command and a wall dated to the Roman occupation. Inside that wall public buildings, religious and secular, were identified. Outside the wall are suburbs, temples, two necropoleis, and an amphitheater with a capacity of 5000 people built in second-century stone/brick masonry work. The governor’s palace, also discovered through excavations, was made of stone, brick, limestone, and marble. Paint still remained on some areas and the roof was tiled. Other discoveries were a third-century mausoleum and a gladiatorial school, two multi-colored mosaics, and temples to the god Mithras and Syrian gods.
An indication that Dacian people constituted a warring society before Roman occupation came from rock fortresses found in several places including Sarmizegetusa and Apulum. Apulum was a very important center of Roman Dacia, having hundreds of inscriptions (no longer existing) and a multitude of artifacts of Dacian daily life (e.g., baths, temples, streets, aqueducts, evidence of a collegium, coins, and statues of deities).
The major factor of Dacia’s location is its geographical isolation. Located on the Transylvania plateau north of the Danube, it is surrounded by mountains on almost three sides. Nevertheless, because its defenses were weaker than those of any other Roman province, it was a natural invasion route. Therefore extensive defensive measures were necessary in Dacia. In this respect Dacia was more of a liability for the Roman Empire then an asset.
Dacia’s natural resources were gold, iron, and silver, which were mined under Greek and Celtic influence. TheDacians developed superb metalcrafting arts under this influence and made various handcrafted items such as jewelry and other gold items. Dacia also traded with Greece, importing Grecian wine in exchange for Dacian goods. Other natural resources were cattle-raising, agriculture, and forestry, all traditional forms of living. After the Roman conquest of Dacia, a portion of that province’s wealth and resources were sent back to Rome.
Dacia’s native population moved into the region about the seventh or the sixth century BC. Possible ancestry could be from northern subgroups of the Thracians, sometimes confused or combined with the Getae or the most western element of the Scythian people. By the first century BC the Dacians were the leading tribe of region. They were fiercely defensive, and with the right leader could be successfully aggressive. Burebista became Dacia’s king around 60 BC and brought Dacia to the military and political attention of Rome. Rome felt threatened by them but Burebista died, leaving the kingdom to fall apart. Under Roman rule the native population tried to adapt as best they could to Roman ways. Many were forced into slavery, some committed suicide, and the Romans killed many to set an example for the rest of the provinces to fall in line. Trajan killed 10,000 men just in his gladiatorial games.
Burebista conquered surrounding peoples, while threatening the Danubian and Black Sea territories. Rome recognized the threat, and Caesar wanted to march on Dacia; however, both he and Burebista were assassinated in 44 BC. Even though the Dacian kingdom fell apart after Burebista’s death, Rome was still worried about its strong military. Augustus thought he had the Dacians contained but he was mistaken. The Dacians raided parts of Romania and Moesia as the warrior Decebalus took leadership of Dacia some time between 65 and 86 BC. Decebalus tried to restore the unity of the people and rebuild the military but he failed: Trajan began his battles in March 101 and finished in AD 106 declaring Dacia a province of the Roman Empire.
The degree of Romanization in Dacia was extensive. Rome wanted massive Romanization in Dacia for loyalty in case of invasion. Dacia was Romanized but it retained their traditional cattle driving and agricultural practices. Due to the influx of colonists and other Roman citizens populating the newly declared province, however, changes were happening. Many people escaped to „Free Dacia” to the north to hold on to their traditional peasant cultures and to wait until they could reclaim their homeland. Dacia’s original population remained strong enough throughout the occupation to revolt three times after conquest.
Rome’s mechanisms of administration in Dacia began with the people who moved in: colonists, citizens, pilgrims, merchants, mining specialists, and soldiers.
Although Roman occupation lasted only 164 years, many changes occurred. Mines were rapidly exploited. Dacia was run like a police state and divided up into Superior and Inferior Dacia in AD 118-119. Superior Dacia was divided again into another pair of provinces in AD 124. During the German War (ca 168) Dacia was consolidated once again into one military area. Latin was introduced as a unifying agent in order for the province to run smoothly and it remains today the foundation of the Romanian language. A customs station was set up in Sarmizegetusa to deal with the movement of goods and people across the borders.
Benefits for Rome during the occupation of Dacian territory were money, booty, mined materials (gold, sliver, and iron), and land. Manpower was also a benefit for Rome because Dacia provided the largest number of Roman troops after the occupation took place. There was occasional brutality, exploitation, and extortion from the Romans on Dacian peoples but Dacia also received some benefits from the conquest. The Roman peace made possible the transmission of Greek culture, a reduction of slavery (fewer war captives), and the reinvigorating of Greek art. Assimilated Dacians had career opportunities in Roman administration as well. The culture of sophisticated cities, organized laws, and an extended peace allowed the Dacian people to expand their culture.
Dacia passed out of Roman control due to threats of invasions from surrounding armies. Rome decided to pull out in AD 270, making Dacia the first province to be abandoned. As Roman citizens evacuated Dacia, they pushed Moesian citizens out. Dacia was a liability that Rome kept for a longer time because of wealth & strategic location, however, these factors were not enough to outweigh the severe drawbacks.

 

„DECEBALUS” („BRAVEHEART”) – KING DIURAPNEUS’ NICKNAME

Motto: „Of Gods Themselves should we descend
All, facing Death, still have to bend;
It makes no difference as to die
An old hunchback, or younger guy,
Yet, Lion better says „good bye”
Over a Dog in chains…”
(From: „Decebalus addressing the people”, by poet George Cosbuc)

Throughout the First century A.D., the Carpatho-Danubiano-Pontic geographical space apparently was some kind of an immense fighting zone. Its Thracian local population sees herself continously harassed, plundered, robbed, pushed aside, stricken and hit by all kinds of tribal new-comers, whose migratory waves gradually succeed to settle down somewhere and… to create, nevertheless, their later called „own” History and Culture, by actually stealing them both from us. Greek first-comers, who were to arrive here within three successive stages, from Eastern banks of the Caspican Sea (between 1900-1400 B.C.), had quietly formed a solid, large community near our Black Sea’s friendly shores, only to find themselves, in their turn, later conquered by… Romans, and under whose oppressive yoke they were going to stay some 500 years well over us, Dacian-Thracians. Still, it appears that, through a kind of „miracle”, their native language remained virtually unchanged while only ours’, the future-to-be called Romanian people, was to substantially „modify” not during half a millenium, but just a hundred something years or so, of subsequent occupation by the same expansionist Empire… Should this be a truthful presentation indeed, or maybe it’s more accurate to assume Thracian language as already existing, as being the so-called „Coarse Latin”, which would explain why them, Thracians, didn’t have to bother learning another „new” dialect, while forgetting their own „mother-tongue” (in accordance with the reputed Romanian historian Ovid Densusianu’s theory, opposing other distorting ones)?…
But, let us better go back to explore History itself. Towards the very end of the above mentioned troubled period, precisely during the summertime of the year 87 A.D., one of Rome’s most decadent, perverted ancient Emperors, namely Domitianus, sends his armed troops into an attempt to (finally) occupy the vast Dacian country situated at Danube River Northern’s side. No sooner had the Romans crossed its „forbidden waters”, trespassing on an improvised, vessel-made bridge, than Dacian warriors quickly managed to ambush them within the extremely narrow mountain pass of Tapae (a zone also longtime nicknamed „Transylvania’s Iron Gates”) and… to draw an awesome victory over the invaders. As a result, the famous V-th Roman Legion „ALAUDAE” is totally destroyed, its military insignias captured, with its commander in chief, veteran General Cornelius Fuscus, being killed on the battlefield. Yet, who had been the „architect” of this international echoing Dacian success, its Army’s obviously inspired leader, anyway? His name, soon to be famous World-wide as well, was then written down by only one Roman historian, called Tacitus (but whose works were to inspire, afterwards, his following other War chroniclers, such as Orasius, within V-th century A.D. and, respectively, Jordanus, VI-th century A.D.). His name, the REAL NAME of the victorious „DACIAN WOLF”, was actually DIURAPNEUS, a „TARABOSTES” (namely an aristocrat, according to local denomination) FROM SOUTH-WESTERN PART OF DACIA’S ORIGINS and to whom the Supreme ruler, then KING DURAS DURBANEUS, would soon GRANT HIS own THRONE after Tapae’s victory, through an unprecedented visionary, noble gesture. Following deeds, to be carried out during the entire rest of his turbulent life, entitled Thraco-Dacian population to actually divinize her new King while still alive, up to granting him a DEMIGOD STATUS and the legendary nickname of „DECEBALUS” (that is „BRAVEHEART”, or „THE HEROIC ONE”) for posterity. It is important to underline, here, how Dacians were always going to battle under their „Wolf” ‘s banner (having a Wolf’s head ending through a Dragon’s tail), characteristic for the previous Thracian armies as well; meanwhile, Romans themselves were fighting to the glory of their Empire’s capital, ROME, which is said to have been founded, in its turn, under a „She-Wolf” sign (as being „certified” in the „ROMULUS AND REMUS BROTHERS” ‘LEGEND), by some survivors of the mythical Troja fortress’ downfall, who would have been then guided up to the „Seven Hills” (Tybrus River)’ narrow valley by one of them, AENEAS, actually a… Thracian himself! Thus, Rome itself, an „Eternal Fortress” symbolizing this „new civilization” ‘s very beginnings, misteriously bears a NAME whose origins still require clarification. Neither the exact year of the City’s founding is quite definite until nowadays, nor does its name seem to have originated from Romulus’, as the legend which has been kept alive only through the Roman historian Titus Livius’ writings states to us (specifically quoting, „CONDITA URBES, CONDITORIS NOMINE APPELLATA”, in Latin), but mainly from the capital’s geographical location , which was situated next to the River Tybrus, leading our logistics straight towards ancient Thracian, or maybe Ethruscian words „RAU” („river”, „running water”) and „RUMON” („son of Rome”). Whereas confronting these two ancient denominations, the entire „Romulus” legedary tale looks to have rather been „borrowed” by Titus Livius from even older Pelasgian (Thracian) civilization’s myths, and where the Romulus and Remus twin brothers appear to have had their descent. As a result, since both Dacian and Roman people were speaking already an almost common language, and should we put aside, as well, the years’ multitude to pass over, isn’t it an irony of Fate that today’s Romans should be called „Italians” whereas ourselves, Pelasgian-Thracians, respectively named „Roman(ian)s”?…
If we had now to return analysing the valiant „DIURAPNEUS-DECEBALUS” ‘ Destiny, since he WAS „GREAT DACIA” ‘S LAST KING, it would be useful to show precisely the fact that this one succeeds in remaking both his country’s territorial and national unities and strenghtening its military strike forces, all these without neglecting to cautiously conclude several Treaties of political alliance with neighbouring nations, as to ensure, to the freshly-enacted DACIAN CONFEDERATION, its recovered boundaries’ national security. These boundaries were to be, later on, sketched in a written form showing his personal interest by Ptolemaeus himself, as ranging from Carpathian Mountains until the Nister River (the ancient Tyros)’ path and, from there, up to the wide Danube. Other Geta blood-related tribal clusters, scattered throughout Eastern Moldavia up to the other side of Bug River, namely Iazhigs and Roxolans, would very soon join at will this Confederation which dared to oppose, moreover to defy Rome openly. On the internal level, out of King Decebalus’ times dates THE MAGNIFICENT ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX FROM SARMISEGETUZA, Decebalus’ main fortress (in the Orastie Mountains), that includes, among other touristic attractions nowadays, a Sacred Premise, an andezith Solar disc for time’s measuring, several Holy quadrilateral Sanctuaries, as well as the nearby Metallurgical Work-shops at Gradistea Muscelului.
Whereas Decebalus’ politico-economical construction works were feverishly, buy resolutely carried out, in Rome, Domitianus’ „establishment” was gradually getting very displeased, even sickened with his „grand style” show-offs, perpetual orgies and irresponsible Treasury’s spending, to speak nothing about his opened despotism or the newly-born Christianity’s savage repression campaigns. Thus, on September 18-th, 96 A.D., Domitianus would be assassinated by one of his own Pretorian Guard’s
members, while in the killing’s aftermath an elder Senator, MARCUS COCCEIUS NERVA, was promptly procclaimed as a new Emperor by successful conspirators from the Army’s Staff. Feeling, however, much too old and weakened for a „top job”, Nerva, who didn’t care to procreate through his entire life, was soon going to officially adopt an already „grown up” son and future „leadership associate” at the same time, by choosing one of the Roman Legions’ „raising stars”, one of the Army’s most capable, handsome young Consuls, respectively MARCUS ULPIUS TRAJANUS. Not long afterwards, on October 29-th, 97 A.D., the already „acting-Emperor” Trajan, after completing some victorious campaigns against Germanic tribes, was to get angry with „the opened contempt which Dacians fostered upon Romans” (as says the Roman historian Plinius „the Younger”), deciding therefore to „beef up” his Moesia Inferior troops, build a new Roman military camp near Barbosi-Galatzi, consolidate all the previously conquered Pontic cities’ old fortifications up to Tyros (Nister) River and to dispose, moreover, the completion of Southern Danube shore’s ancient highway until Cazane mountain defile (this last action is to be confirmed by a so-called „Tabula Trajana” inscription). Yet, the major reason which was to ultimately reignite a decisive war against Dacians proves to have been the country’s huge gold and silver reserves, and the possession of a thesaurus which made the Dacian Land look like an ancient „El Dorado”, or „California” to the eyes of financially-troubled leaders of the Roman Empire (for all the Empire’s mercenary soldiers could launch a wide-scale mutiny, should they not have been paid in time- besides their military campaigns’ preys). Following his plans, Trajan would add to the 9 Roman Legions stationed within Middle and Inferior Danube’s area yet another 6, respectively 4 brought from German provinces and other 2 specially created on the occasion of the First Dacian War’s imminent outburst, on March 25-th, 101 A.D. During that day, Emperor Trajan leaves Rome to personally take command upon some 150,000 soldiers in arms, ready to conquer… WHAT? A country of so-called „illiterates”, having „neither a literary language nor a cultural background of their own”, „a land with very small population”- as a few „friendly”, „objective” historians struggle to maintain for quite a while??… Should we have been so „few”, why would then Trajan have needed a multitude of Legions, with hundreds of thousands soldiers, to „kneel” us?!… And should we have been yet so „poor”, why on Earth have they kept on coming to us?!… For a fact, no later than during the summer of year 101 A.D., the Roman Legions, led by Trajan, reach Lederata (today’s Rama) to pursue their march towards Acidava (nowadays, Varadita).
King Decebalus, one of the most gifted Dacian military strategists to have ever existed since his late predecessor, the Great Emperor Burebista, allows the invaders’ breaking through until the Banat Region, whereas concentrating most of his warriors within the same narrow pass of Tapae-Bucova, where, after a very bloody yet undecided open confrontation, Trajan finally claims a modest victory. Still, this victory would open Romans’ way towards advancing up to the Hatsegului Zone, situated at the proximity of Dacian nucleus hidden in the Sureanu Massif. Meanwhile, thanks to diversionist tactics fastly organized by Decebalus, who had also hurried to conclude further alliances with the Burs, Basthorns and Roxolans’ tribes, by crossing unexpectedly the Danube in order to launch a series of surprise attacks upon new Roman settlements, located between the Danube’s curve and Pontus Euxinus (today’s Black Sea), Trajan would be compelled to withdraw a part of his Legions from Dacia, so as to be capable of pushing back both Dacians and their South Dobrudja’s fierce allies. Much later (in 109 A.D.), in order to remind future generations about this stage of his military campaigns, the Roman Emperor would erect, on the two former battleground locations, „the Adamclisi Monument” and the so-called „Tropaeum Trajani”.
Throughout the spring of 102 A.D. year, Trajan resumes his offensive even more powerfully, traverses the whole Muntenia Region reaching Bran’s mountainous defile, where, in spite of Dacians’ desperate yet heroic efforts, Decebalus is being defeated. As a result of the following „Peace Treaty”, the proud King was now to face some important territorial losses, among those the Banat Region, Hatsegului Zone, Oltenia Region and Southern „chunks” from both Muntenia and Moldavia. Back in Rome, the „Eternal City”, a triumphant Emperor Trajan would be granted the honorary title of „DACICUS” ( in Latin, „DACIA’S CONQUEROR”) by the Senate and would take care, afterwards, to consolidate his new „DANUBE WALL” with plenty of additional military forces. It is also assumed that, between the years 103-105 A.D., with the reputed Syrian-born architect Apollodorus from Damascus’ contribution, he would have ordered the construction of a legendary Stone Bridge over the Danube River, near Drobeta- today’s Turnu Severin. Apollodorus from Damascus was truthfully a genius, the greatest architect of his Era; it was still him to whom the project of „Trajan’s Colums” in Rome, depicting through numerous spiralled bas-relief aspects from the Two Dacian Campaigns (101-102 A.D., respectively 105-106 A.D.), would be later assigned. He is said to have even written a book, detailing the Bridge’s construction technique that had been used towards its masterful achievement, book that would have, alas, been lost for posterity… Nevertheless, its content appears familiar to a Roman historian, Dio Cassius, though this one doesn’t bother to do more than mainly describing in detail the Bridge’s aspect. Generally, every bridge’s great architectural complex bears always some hidden symbolistic within, usually a significant testimony of as many courageous, perpetual human efforts directed to do away with obstacles which „Mother Nature” so oftenly lays out on our Life’s paths. A bridge’s main purpose is to facilitate the communication bonds’ safety, between one shore and another… Yet, the so-called „Apollodorus’ masterpiece” looks to have actually been meant to ease our country’s robbing, the Dacian people’s subjugation and subsequently falling down into slavery, to say nothing about facilitating the merge of no less than 14 % from our sacred territories with this opressive, geographically amalgamated Roman Empire… Facts which are still shown, by some of our „historians”, as being absolutely necessary to a noble, „CIVILIZING PROCESS” purpose, intended from the Romans’ side. And if such naked agression, robbing, humiliation, slavery can still be depicted by these like some „civilizing process”, why shouldn’t we name Russian Bolsheviks „civilizers” as well, for they have also „civilized” us intensively through thelasthalf-century, just enough to leave us brain-washed and poorer than ever… A same approach would go for… Adolf Hitler himself and his Nazi fellows, who, after finding out we were „hesitating” to join World War II ‘s already belligerant forces on their side, had quickly „civilized” us through „generously” distributing some of our country’s territories to neighbours: namely, Transylvania to fascist Hungary, their ally, Bessarabia and Bukovina to their still „friends-to-be” Russians, a Southern region called „the Quadrilater” to Bulgarians, compelling thus (what was left of) Romania to become „friendly” to the „civilizers”. Yet, even nowadays, some still grumble at our turning weapons’ act performed against Germans back then, in August 1944!…
Trajan’s Second, and final military campaign versus the heroic King Decebalus was going to start in the summer of year 105, A.D., when (again!) the Roman Emperor in person arrives at Drobeta-Turnu Severin,ready for war. It looks necessary to open, here, a brief parenthesis, so as to mention that, meanwhile, a failed assassination attempt against Trajan himself had happened in Rome. Should the outcome of an ultimately „successful” coup have changed, in any ways, our life-style, our contemporary Destiny?… Would we have looked, somehow, differently?… Would we have spoken another language?… All these questions will remain, forever, unanswered.
Let’s resume our narration by going back to the Roman Armies whom, rather longing for all the Dacian gold and other riches than from some intimate need of acquiring fame, are now marching straight towards Sarmisegetuza while splitting themseves to follow three strategic directions: the first Legions’ group advances along the Cerna River’s valley (across such places where old Thracian legends had told about the Phoenix Bird itself coming to die from Northern Egypt; this mythical creature would hold in its beak an ancient Pelasgian emblem, while in its claws an Egg from the ashes of which, somewhere high on Cerna’s mountainous peaks, the Phoenix Bird was said to be born again). Therefore, the first Army group is able to get across Hatsegului zone and reach to the Dacian fortresses of Costesti, Blidaru and Piatra Rosie, which are totally destroyed. The second Legions’ group climbs, from Jiu River’s valley, up to the Roman military camp at Bumbesti, penetrating then within the Sureanu Massif through a successful breaking near Banita. Finally, the third Legions’ group, led by Trajan himself, marches from Drobeta through Sucidava and Romula, crosses Olt River’s valley up to „Castra Trajana” (nowadays, the Simbotin- Vilcea region), reaches Tilisca and, then, Capilna. All remaining Roman troops, starting their offensive from Moesia Inferior, pass through Bran, Bratocea and Oituz.
A decisive battle for SARMISEGETUZA REGIA would take place, however, only at the beginning of 106 A.D. ‘s summer, with numerous, veteran Roman Legions, having plenty of campaign experience, involved in the assault; among them, „ADRIUTIX” the II-nd and „FLAVIA FELIX” the IV-th, enforced also by a detachment („vexillatio”, in Latin) from the VI-th Legion „FERRATA”. The desperate Dacian fighters succeed in pushing back a first attack, but Romans manage then to destroy the fortress’ sole pipeline cutting thus Dacia’s capital short of water supply. Soon afterwards the whole fortress is set on fire, whereas Romans break in and destroy almost the entire fortification line, including savagely cutting off each pillar on the Holy Premise’s Sanctuary and killing old Vezina, Decebalus’ Great Priest. Still, the war rages on, for many warriors had succeeded to escape through a secret passage outside Sarmisegetuza, at the last moment. Unfortunately, because of Bacilis’ treason (namely, a former Dacian King’s counselor), the Romans would be able to find DECEBALUS’ THESAURUS, that had been carefully hidden UNDER SARGETIA RIVER’ S BED (as its flowing waters had been deviated while burrying the treasure). This immense hoard would be later estimated, by Jerome Carcopino, to include no less than 165,500 kilos of gold and 331,000 of silver. A last fight with the Dacian King’s Army remains would be held at Porolissum (or Moigrad).
Not being afraid of Death, and even laughing at it had longtime been a most essential Thraco-Dacian character feature, deeply rooted within every warrior’s spirit. That’s why it has been said they were going towards Death happier than on any other journey, by knowing it was the only proper way to acceed their God Zamolxis’ Underworld Kingdom and be among the other heroes enjoying a body and soul’s complete immortality, granted to them by the same Supreme God. Whereas the „Bravehearted” King Decebalus, surrounded now by only a hand of resolute fighters,was retreating through mountain hidden passes and virgin forests on the horse’s gallop, still hoping to reach unoccupied lands from where to assemble a new Army and start the avenging battle, he would be ambushed by the Roman cavalry on pursuit, leaded by a Decurion named Tiberius Claudius Maximus. Since the Zamolxian Cult was not only tolerating, but yet praising and promising other-world rewards to suicide, as final means of relief for the ones worstly striked fate, after a last, fierce struggle Decebalus’ faithfuls take their own lives, one by one. And, as Roman horsemen are also ready to capture him, the ill-fated Dacian King in jeopardy fulfils, in his turn, an untainted Destiny by killing himself. Thus, instead of making DECEBALUS a life-long prisoner in a public cage, the invaders were only able to cut off the „DEAD LION” ‘s head and right hand, in order to show them in Rome. His GREAT DEATH SCENE is one of the most impressive bas-reliefs, to be long remembered, on „Trajan’s Column”.
We have been ultimately crushed, defeated, but… IN NO WAY EXTINGUISHED AS A NATION! We may be proud to have had Decebalus!! What about Emperor Trajan?!… What might we have in common with he latter?! That’s still left to be seen in the future!

DECEBALUS’ RESIDENCE
Motto: „Whoever longs for a Master, Servant is to be called.”

The World’s History seems, at times, strange and still extremely controversial. Around the year 1574, a Spanish monk, named Alphonso CIACCONE, was depicting in premiere APOLLODORUS FROM DAMASCUS’ SCULPTED BAS-RELIEFS ON TRAJAN’S COLUMN IN ROME, that deal with scenes from the above named Emperor’s two military campaigns versus Dacian Land (101-102 A.D., followed by 105-106 A.D.).
It looks, indeed, odd that precisely them, ROMANS, didn’t leave any written testimonies on the Stone Column, a true landmark of Antique culture, just them who used to write plenty about anything and anybody. And it would be the same Spaniard who deserves credit as the first to have ever established that all Column’s bas-reliefs refer themselves to these two dramatic wars, between the Imperial Rome and Romanian people’s forefathers (should we quote from historian Radu Florescu’s works, page 11). Here follows Father Ciaccone’s accurate description of the first scene on Trajan’s Column, whereas this monk had come to be highly accustomed to Italian realities’ major aspects within XVI-th century (with respect to Professor Dr. N. Copoiu’s work- „Decebalus’ Palace”): „Decebalus’ Residence was a magnificent palace, adorned with columns and portraits, probably situated on the Danube’s River Northern shore and which Emperor Trajan would occupy afterwards, while giving orders to be preserved all its Royal furniture.The moment may have represented a peak moment during the temporary „Peace Treaty”, concluded in 102 A.D. between Trajan and Decebalus. Along the Palace’s upper esplanade, a presumed statue of King Decebalus himself could be seen, unless the sculpture might have as well represented one of his great predecessors, being dressed up in the Dacian specific national costumation. The Palace’s main gate was thought to face Danube River: on its fronton were shown three completely naked teen-agers, each holding a lighting torch. The one in the middle had his forefinger and right arm lifted up, carrying the torch with his left hand while displaying two relics in his right one. Those last sculptures might be considered as images of the so called „LARS”, NAMELY DIVINITIES WHO WERE TO INDICATE, WITHIN OLD DACIAN MYTHOLOGY, WHAT PERSON SUPERVISED THE TAKING CARE OF HOUSEHOLD AND WHO WAS „IN CHARGE” OF GUARDING IT. Apparently, nothing inside a residence could be concealed from these minor „domestic Gods”, since they were thought to permanently owning fire and light elements, whereas being extremely faithful to their House’s residents. The last character feature was artistically expressed through the „Lars” risen finger.
This brand new description would contravene, of course, to what we have been taught in communist schools for decades… Most of us always believed ancient Dacian people to equivalate some kind of savage and primitive peasants, supposedly living inside earth-built huts, whereas having, as a fact, numerous large Gold mines around; yet, as they say, who had to wait for an arrival of „civilizing Romans”, led by „our forefather” Trajan himself, in order to „acceed” the Ancient World’s „elite societies”. „Civilizers” being actually Roman mercenary troops who, during even their first year of staying on our conquered territory chunks, were to become „famous” not only for having stolen King Decebalus’ insidered as „promoters of social progress” by a wave of irresponsible historians… Him, Emperor Trajan, was to take posthumous credit for „civilizing” us in a similar way that was, centuries later, applied by the foreign Phanariot rulers (N.B.: the „Phanar” used to be a borough in Middle Age Istambul, well known during the times of Turkish Empire’s expansion since its „residents”, mostly of Greek descent, were competing in raising money to offer the Sultan in „exchange” for the Crown of some Vassal-state; once chosen as Kings, they would push hard to rob the respective country as much as possible while sending huge annual sums of money back to the Sultan, usually until somebody else was named as successor and the disgraced Phanariot had to be „discharged” and… strangled by official Turkish envoys), Hohenzollerns (most notable, among others, King Carol the second), Fascists or the well known Russian thugs… Each of these, in their turn, have forced themselves to „civilize” us better than their predecessors, leaving behind no regrets yet only sorrow, an awful poverty and unconceivable sufferings to the unfortunate, local Romanian population.
Why is it so, that people alike „our historians” don’t seem to grasp that „WHOEVER LONGS FOR A MASTER, SERVANT IS TO BE CALLED”??… Should such so called „History-makers” have become totally oblivious to take a glance at the above beautiful, and also profound interpretation of Trajan’s Column very first scenes? Of course, it might nevertheless be possible that the Spanish monk’s hypothesis proves in the end wrong, but still, in order to do away with any mistaken assumption, one must first try to make sure it becomes known and, afterwards, to effectively provide evidence of it being wrong. The specific image from Trajan’s Column of which I’m talking about is registered under number 231 inside Ciaccone’s album, while appearing as 357-th along the Romanian historian couple Florescu-Miclea’s elaborated Column bas-reliefs analysis. These two gentlemen, to be both considered reputed professionals, „hold tight”in considering the scene shows EMPEROR TRAJAN’S FIRST CAMPAIGN EMBARKMENT, AT THE ANCORA HARBOR, on his way to Dacia and having both his sister, Marcia, and wife Plotina at his side (whereas the same representation might be, with much higher probability in our acception, of NAKED STATUES OF THE THREE „LARS”, DOMESTIC DACIAN GODS OF HOUSEHOLD we were talking about at the beginning of this section).
There were many hypotheses regarding Column scenes’ most appropriate meanings, and many more are surely still to come ahead in the future, but only one thing carries its „rock-solid”, long-lasting significance through Eternity: within the boundaries of a SUPER-RICH country, especially among gold fields and precisely the way Dacia was famed to be back then, it looks very plausible that its top local leaders would have enjoyed both lives and… MANSIONS, or PALACES able to make jealous even the
subsequent, „civilized” Kings or Emperors from later-period Europe!

 

A Very Long Time Ago

Posted: 30 Aprilie 2011 in Dacia, Istorie, Uncategorized, Zamolxis
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Cucuteni pottery
The research done by Romanian archaeologists has led to the discovery of traces of human presence dating back as early as the Lower Paleolithic (approximately two million years BC). A denser human population, known as „the Neanderthal man” can be proved to have lived about 100,000 years ago. A relatively stable population can only be found beginning with the Neolithic (7,500-6,000 years BC). At that time, the population on the territory of nowadays Romania created a remarkable culture, whose main proves are the polychrome pottery of the „Cucuteni” culture, fully comparable to the pottery of other important European cultures of the time discovered in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East, and the statuettes of the „Hamangia” culture. Today, the Thinker of Hamangia and its pair are known to the whole world.
At the turn of the second millennium BC (the Bronze age), the Thracian tribes of Indo-European origin settled alongside the population that had already lived in the Carpathian-Balkan region.

In the former half of the first millennium BC, in the Carpathian-Danube-Pontic area – which was the northern part of the large surface inhabited by the Thracian tribes – a northern Thracian group became clearly individualized. It consisted of a mosaic of Getae and Dacian tribes. Strabo or Strabon, a famous geographer and historian in the age of emperor Augustus, informs that „the Dacians have the same language as the Getae”. Basically, it was the same people, the only real difference between the Dacians and the Getae was just the area they inhabited.
In the Antiquity, the Greeks, who first encountered the Getae, used this name for the whole population that lived north of the Danube; while the Romans, who first met the Dacians, extended this name to cover all the other tribes on the present-day territory of Romania.

The Thinkers of Hamangia


The Dacian stronghold of Sarmisegetuza
Burebista (82 -44 BC), assassinated similarly as his greatest foe, Caesar, succeeded to unite the Geto-Dacian tribes for the first time and founded a powerful kingdom that stretched, when the Dacian sovereign offered to support Pompey against Caesar (48 BC).
In the 1st century BC, as the Roman empire was expanding to its maximum extent, the Danube river became, for more than 1,500 km., the border between the Roman Empire and the Dacian world. At the same time, Dacia was at the peak of its power under King Decebal (87-106 AD). After a first confrontation during the reign of Domitianus (87-89), two extremely tough wars were necessary (101-102 and 105-106) to the Roman empire, at the peak of its power, under Emperor Trajan (98-117), to defeat Decebal and turn most of the Dacian kingdom into the Roman province called Dacia.

Trajan’s Column erected in Rome and the Triumphal Monument at Adamclisi (Constanta county) tell the story of this military effort, which was followed by a systematic and massive colonization of the new territories that were integrated into the empire.
Evidently, the Dacians remained, even after the new rule was established, the main ethnic element in the Roman Dacia.
The province was subject to a complex Romanization process and its basic element remained the staged but definitive adoption of the Latin language. The Romanians are today the only descendants of the Eastern Roman stock; therefore, the Romanian language is one of the major heirs of the Latin language, together with French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese.
The natives, either of Roman or of Daco-Roman descent, continued their uninterrupted existence as farmers and shepherds.
This continuity of the formation of the Romanian people occurred continuously after the withdrawal, south of the Danube, under emperor Aurelianus (270-275), of the Roman army and administration. The ancestors of the Romanians remained for several centuries in the political, economic, religious, and cultural sphere of influence of the Roman Empire and, respectively, the Byzantine Empire, after the Roman Empire split in 395 AD. At the time when the Daco-Roman ethno-cultural symbiosis was achieved and finalized, the formation of the Romanian people was complete in the 6th century. As a major part of the formation of the Romanian people, was the adoption of Christianity in a Latin garb, during the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries.
Therefore, in the 6th-7th centuries, when the formation process of the Romanian people was completed, this nation emerged in history as a totally Christian one. This is why, unlike the neighbor nations, which had to established dates of Christianization (for instance, the Bulgarians – 865, the Serbs – 874, the Poles-966, the eastern Slaves – 988, the Hungarians – the year 1000), the Romanians do not need to have a fixed date of Christianization, as they were the first Christian nation in the region.
King Decebal 


Emperor Trajan



Trajan’s Column

TropaeumTraiani

TropaeumTraiani

 

An Historical Survey

Posted: 30 Aprilie 2011 in Dacia, Istorie, Uncategorized, Zamolxis
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Life on the nowadays territory of Romania began many thousands years ago, millions, one may say. The „Austrolanthopus Olteniensis” skeleton, unearthed at Bugiulesti, Valcea county, was estimated to be 1,800,000 – 2,000,000 years old.
Testimonies to the existence of human communities in the Paleolithic, consisting of rudimentary chipped stone implements, are numerous in the counties of Olt, Arges, Sibiu, Iasi, Maramures, and others. From the most recent part of this period, there exist even some manifestations of art, such as pendeloques of incised stone, bones, and shells.
The rupestrian painting from Cuciulat, located on the banks of Somes River, Salaj county, is approximately 10,000 years old. The tablets of baked clay, discovered at Tartaria, located on the banks of the Mures River, Alba county, were made from local clay and covered with a writing very similar to the Sumerian one, with the same direction of reading, that is counterclockwise (the spiral of life). These tablets are estimated to belong to a more than 8,000 years old civilization; therefore, a much earlier one than the Sumer’s. The inscribed tablets from Orastie, Hunedoara county and Acidava, Arges county, are even older, preceding those from Tartaria.
The traces of some Neolithic cultures, dating back to 7,000 – 2,700 B.C., are numerous. Thus the figurines and vases of baked clay, painted in two or three colors, discovered at Cucuteni, Hamangia, Boian, Salcuta, Popesti, etc. are genuine works of art as well as fully functional objects. During this mentioned period, as attested by the Gumelnita culture, which had developed north and south of the Danube, copper and gold were used to manufacture weapons and objects for adornment.
The beginning of the process of Indo-Europeanization of the native population started presumably around 2,700 B.C. This process coincided with the dawn of civilization of the Bronze Age, as illustrated by the archaeological finds of different cultures, such as the cultures of Horodistea – Erbiceni (Botosani county), Foltesti (Galati county), Zabala (Covasna county), Baia (Constanta county), and Cotofeni (Dolj county). Similarly to other civilizations, the bronze metallurgy and the gold one developed at the same time.
Legends mention, about the year 3000 B.C., the existence of a great empire, ruled by the priestess of the Uranian Sun, Dacia – Dochia, which was located in the area of the Ceahlau mountain. She was simultaneously the supreme judge and military leader. Five hundred years later, Hestia (Vesta), queen and high priestess of the sacred fire, led the same empire based upon the code of fair laws – Belagine. Hestia was later on deified by the Thracians. Around 1,400 B.C., traditions mention the name of Zamolxe (Zamolxis, Zalmoxis), high priest, physician and king, likewise deified, who presumably received the Belagine code of laws, directly from the goddess Hestia. As It appears today, in the Zamolxean schools, which lasted for hundreds of years, philosophy, logics, mathematics, and medicine were taught, while the spells and names of medicinal herbs have been handed down to us, through folklore. During the 12th – 8th centuries B.C., the Basarabi culture, thriving almost throughout the Carpatho – Danubian – Pontic territory, testifies the beginning of the Iron Age. By the invention of the iron technology, the metallurgy of bronze and gold became less important.
During the 7th – 6th centuries B.C., there appeared the first Greek harbors at the Pontus Euxinus (the Black Sea of today): Histria (today just an archeological site) and Tomis (city of Constanta). Also were founded those of Miletus (unclearly located) and Callatis (city of Mangalia), both of them of Doric origin.
Over the 5th and 4th cent. B.C., date back the first coins stamped on Dacian territory, as well as all kinds of elements of Greek culture.
In 514 B.C., the Geto-Dacians, led by Ion (Ene) Basarab repelled the armies of the Persian king Darius. Mentioning this battle, Herodotus wrote that among the Thracians, the Geto – Dacians were the bravest and the most righteous. The Father of History also wrote that those people considered themselves immortal. To continually utter their immortality, the Geto-Thracians used to send a messenger to their God, Zamolxis, by throwing periodically in spears one of their bravest man, who always had to be a volunteer. In another battle with the Persians, in 292 B.C., the Dacian king Dromichetes, took Lisimachos prisoner, but diplomatically married himself to the daughter of the man who succeeded to the throne of Alexander the Great.
Burebista is considered the founder of the first centralized Dacian state, in 50 B.C., which extended, from west to east, from Pannonia to the Black Sea, and from the north of the Carpathians to the south of the Danube. He is considered to have moved the capital city of Dacia to Sarmisegetuza, a vast archaeological context of about 200 sq. km, located in the Orastie Mountains. The complex of Sarmisegetuza was marvelously designed, revealing a multitude of fortresses and strongholds built in such a way that they would progressively defend strategically the capital city itself. The whole area resembles a Helenistic complex of buildings, but solved in an ingenious, original way.
The reign of the Dacian king Decebal (87-106) met that of the Roman emperor Trajan (98-117) in the two wars of 101-102 and 105-106. After the second Dacian-Roman war, the Roman legions ultimately conquered the southern part of the Dacian state, taking over its huge treasure of gold (165,000 kg) and silver (331,000 kg), drawn out from the waters of the Sargetia, as well as its cattle, cereals, and soldiers. The festivity of conquest lasted for 123 days and the citizens of Rome were tax-free for one whole year. The triumphal arch of Rome, built by Trajan’s architects, as well as the Trajan column, built in 107-108, immortalized this entire odyssey. Marvelous jewels, coins, other artifacts, full of history and art, were thus forever lost.
Roman rule in Dacia meant a powerful economic and cultural development; there emerged cities, monumental edifices, of both military and civil nature, roads, and new mining exploitations. Latin writing was promoted and became dominant. The political-administrative organization, based on the Roman system, with municipalities, headed by prefects, was enforced upon the territories that were included into the empire. Therefore, Roman influence was deeply felt by the entire Dacian population. This entire historical period is viewed as the genesis of the Romanian people, simultaneously constituting, by tradition, the beginning of christianization directly done by Apostle Andrew. Weakened by the barbarian invasions, the Roman armies withdrew from the Dacian territory, during the rule of the emperor Aurelianus, in 271-272.
However, the links were never cut off. Romanian folklore recorded the names of the two „Ler”: emperor Galer Maximus (293 – 311), who issued the first edict of religious tolerance and won a great victory over the Persians, with an army of Dacians, as recorded on the capitals of the triumphal arch of Salonica. The second “Ler” was his nephew, whose name was likewise Galer (308 – 313). Galer, Valer, and Galeriu are Romanian surnames and given names. Subsequently, emperor Constantine the Great and his mother Helena transferred the capital of the Roman empire to Constantinople, built the largest bridge from ancient architecture, across the Danube at Celei (Romanati county), fortified with garrisons a number of settlements that were lying north of Danube, and glorified the eight Dacian commanding officers of the army on the triumphal arch from Rome. They were recorded by history especially for the conversion to Christianity as state religion and the patronization of the Synod of Nicaea, from 325, which also had repercussions on the Dacian territories.
The uninterrupted inhabitance, by the local population, over the 4th – 9th century A.C., after all the passages of the Goths, Huns, Slavs, and Avars, is testified to by the archaeological finds, treasured in all the museums of Romania and especially by the extraordinary unity of the Romanian language, evidently of Latin origin.
Beginning with the 9th century, the chronicles mentioned the army commanders Menumorut, Gelu, and Glad in Transylvania and Banat and subsequently, in 1230, the name of voivode Litovoi, in the Hateg county, who opposed the longstanding effort of the Hungarian kingdom, to expand over the ancient Dacian territories.

The original translation was reviewed and edited by Radu Sebescu.
All the mistakes, non-clarities, and misinterpretations must be attributed to the reviewer/editor.
Radu Sebescu (sebescu@home.com), Phoenix, Arizona, Tu2001Jn19, 20:44 (GMT-7:00)